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UNLABELLED Primary breast lymphoma (PBL) is a rare disease accounting for 0.4-0.5% of all breast malignancies. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histological diagnosis. The clinical presentation of PBLs is usually no different from that of carcinoma. In this paper we review the literature on the clinical presentation, diagnosis,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess chemerin levels and regulation in sera and adipose tissue from women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and matched control subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to assess mRNA and protein expression of chemerin. Serum chemerin was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We(More)
In the etiopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), both genetic and environmental factors play an important role. Among environmental factors, viral infections are most likely connected with the etiology of MS. There are many evidence suggesting possible involvement of retroviruses in the development of autoimmune diseases including MS. Multiple(More)
Decreased susceptibility to apoptosis and impaired proliferative control are thought to be responsible for prolonged life span and accumulation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells. The activity of calpains (calcium-dependent, neutral proteases, active in the cells responding to signals inducing a rise of cytoplasmic Ca(++)) is involved in the(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is not clear as increased activation of MMPs in the vasculature contrasts with decreased activity of MMPs in the kidneys, contributing to development of nephropathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS We measured serum MMP-2 and MMP-9 in 22 subjects with type 2 DM age (mean ± SD)(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipocalin-2, a novel adipokine, has been shown to be elevated in obese, insulin-resistant, and diabetic subjects. We therefore sought to study the ex vivo and in vivo effects of insulin on lipocalin-2 levels in humans. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the in vivo effects of insulin (hyperinsulinemia) on circulating lipocalin-2 levels(More)
UNLABELLED : A 31-year old woman, previously fit & well was admitted with pressing retrosternal chest pain and palpitations of sudden onset. Her body weight was normal (BMI 20.5 kg/m2) and there was no significant family history of cardiac disease. She smoked, however, about 15 cigarettes a day and she had been taking combined oral contraceptive pill(More)
INTRODUCTION Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterised by increased frequency of hypothalamic GnRH pulses leading to a relative increase in LH synthesis by the pituitary. As GnRH stimulation can reveal a relative LH excess, we have endeavoured to assess whether GnRH test might be useful in the diagnosis of PCOS. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease in which demyelination in the brain and spinal cord is observed. The causal influence of bacterial/viral infections and genetic/immune factors in the etiology of multiple sclerosis is suggested. Multiple sclerosis-related retrovirus (MSRV) is one of the potential agents, which can lead to development of the(More)
CONTEXT Familial isolated pituitary adenoma (FIPA) due to aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene mutations is an autosomal dominant disease with incomplete penetrance. Clinical screening of apparently unaffected AIP mutation (AIPmut) carriers could identify previously unrecognized disease. OBJECTIVE To determine the AIP mutational status(More)