Krzysztof Kurek

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an insulin resistance-related hepatic disorder which can transform to cirrhosis. Insulin resistance deregulates hepatic lipid metabolism, leading to accumulation of cytotoxic lipids including ceramide and diacylglycerols. Myriocin, obtained from fungi traditionally used in Chinese medicine in an(More)
Sphingolipids in digestive system are responsible for numerous important physiological and pathological processes. In the membrane of gut epithelial cells, sphingolipids provide structural integrity, regulate absorption of some nutrients, and act as receptors for many microbial antigens and their toxins. Moreover, bioactive sphingolipids such as ceramide or(More)
 Ceramides, members of the sphingolipids, are produced in the central nervous system by de novo synthesis, sphingomyelin hydrolysis or the so-called salvage pathway. They are engaged in formation of lipid rafts that are essential in regulation and transduction of signals coming to the cell from the environment. Ceramides represent the major transmitters of(More)
Diabetes is associated with disturbances of brain activity and cognitive impairment. We hypothesize that ceramides may constitute an important contribution to diabetes-linked neuro-dysfunction. In our study we used rats injected with streptozotocin (STZ) as a model of severe hyperglycemia. Using the gas-liquid chromatography technique we found a significant(More)
Three bioactive sphingolipids, namely sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), ceramide (CER) and sphingosine (SPH) were shown to be involved in ischemia/reperfusion injury of the heart. S1P is a powerful cardioprotectant, CER activates apoptosis and SPH in a low dose is cardioprotective whereas in a high dose is cardiotoxic. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Nowadays wrong nutritional habits and lack of physical activity give a rich soil for the development of insulin resistance and obesity. Many researches indicate lipids, especially the one from the sphingolipids class, as the group of molecules heavily implicated in the progress of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. Recently, scientists have focused(More)
Currently, obesity is a predominant medical condition and an important risk factor for the development of several diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus. Importantly, most research has indicated lipid-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscles is a key link between the aforementioned pathological conditions. PGC-1α is a prominent regulator of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS AS160 is a key intracellular regulator of energy utilization in cells. It was shown to regulate GLUT4 translocation from intracellular depots to the plasma membrane, with subsequent changes in facilitated glucose uptake into the skeletal muscles. Similarly, also free fatty acids (FFAs) transmembrane transport seems to be largely(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid hormones (THs) are key regulators of cardiac physiology as well as modulators of different cellular signals including the sphingomyelin/ceramide pathway. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of hyperthyroidism on the metabolism of sphingolipids in the muscle heart. METHODS Male Wistar rats were treated for 10 days with(More)
Thyroid hormones (T3, T4) are well known modulators of different cellular signals including the sphingomyelin pathway. However, studies regarding downstream effects of T3 on sphingolipid metabolism in skeletal muscle are scarce. In the present work we sought to investigate the effects of hyperthyroidism on the activity of the key enzymes of ceramide(More)