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The possible effect of ifenprodil--a potent antagonist at the polyamine site of the NMDA receptor complex--on nociceptive threshold and morphine analgesia was investigated in mice. In the hot plate test, the intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of ifenprodil significantly prolonged the reaction time of mice at the dose of 30 mg/kg, and increased the analgesic(More)
Multiple (10x) treatment of zolpidem (1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg, orally, p.o.) led to different effects in chronically ethanol-treated and control rats. In control rats, after repeated zolpidem administration, a weaker, when compared to single administration, hypnotic effect of ethanol was observed, which may be the result of tolerance developed towards the(More)
The metabolism of styrene was studied in the rat after intraperitoneal administration of the cold and the 14C-labeled compound. In addition to phenylethylene glycol, mandelic acid, benzoic acid and hippuric acid, phenolic metabolites, namely, 4-vinylphenol, p-hydroxymandelic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and p-hydroxyhippuric acid, were identified in the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate possible interactions between the analgesic activity of ketamine (an N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist), midazolam (a benzodiazepine derivative) and morphine using the tail-flick test in rats. Animals were treated s.c. with ketamine (1.0-10.0 mg/kg), midazolam (0.3 mg/kg), or morphine (0.6 mg/kg) alone. or in(More)
The accumulation of Nxi-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), a product of glycoxidation and lipoxidation reactions, on tissue proteins is related to the formation and acceleration of diabetic and nondiabetic atherosclerotic lesions. Yet, little is known about the levels of circulating serum CML-containing protein in nondiabetic patients with clinical symptoms of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperproinsulinemia in type 2 diabetic subjects has recently been accepted as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Moreover, it has been confirmed that high proinsulin concentrations stimulate amylin secretion by pancreatic beta-cells and amyloid accumulation within pancreatic islets leading to impairment of pancreatic islets secretory(More)
We investigated the effects of multiple (21 x) ifenprodil (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.)-[IF] and spermidine (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.)-[SP] administration on short-term memory using the social recognition test in rats. The influence of a single (lx) injection of IF and SP was also established. 1x IF or SP treatment showed a statistically insignificant tendency to impair social(More)
1. The electric organ of Torpedo nobiliana contained putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD), spermine (SPM), and cadaverine (CAD). Traces of acetylated SPD and SPM were occasionaly seen. 2. Upon fractionation of the tissue by differential centrifugation, the polyamines (PA) were found predominantly in the soluble fraction. The postsynaptic membrane fraction,(More)
In recent years a great deal of discussion has focused on postprandial hyperglycaemia as a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Routinely used parameters of metabolic control such as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c are not useful for determination of daily glucose excursions. 1,5-Anhydro-D-glucitol (1,5-AG) in human plasma has been proposed for(More)
IL-15 is a 14-15 kD cytokine produced by monocytes/macrophages and shares some biological actions with IL-2. The serum concentration of IL-15 in type 1 diabetic patients has not been reported seriously. Our studies were performed on 51 patients (28 women and 23 men) with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Healthy control subjects (n=22, 12 women and 10 men, mean age(More)