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BACKGROUND The progression of chronic kidney disease is accompanied by multi-organ disorders, among which cardiovascular diseases have the status of a serious clinical problem. The body surface(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular complications are considered a significant problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Body surface potential mapping (BSPM) is a noninvasive method that is(More)
BACKGROUND Decrement of glomerular filtration rate leads to many serious complications that cause both functional and structural impairments of the other organs. Long-term clinical observations of(More)