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In vitro studies conducted by our research group documented that neural progenitor cells can be selected from human umbilical cord blood (HUCB-NPs). Due to further expansion of these cells we have established the first human umbilical cord blood-derived neural-like stem cell line (HUCB-NSC) growing in serum-free (SF) or low-serum (LS) medium for over 3(More)
OBJECTIVES The fate choice of neural progenitor cells could be dictated by local cellular environment of the adult CNS. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of hippocampal tissue on differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocyte NG2 precursor cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Hippocampal slice culture was established from the brains of(More)
Ammonia is a neurotoxin whose administration in large doses causes coma and death of the exposed animals, but whether and in what degree these whole body effects are related to the death of CNS cells is not known. Since the downstream effects of ammonia in cultured CNS cells appear to be partly mediated by overactivation of several putative signalling(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the study was to evaluate the long-term clinical tracking of magnetically labeled stem cells after intracerebroventricular transplantation as well as to investigate in vitro feasibility for magnetic guidance of cell therapy within large fluid compartments. METHOD After approval by our Institutional Review Board, an 18-month-old(More)
Many types of neural progenitors from various sources have been evaluated for therapy of CNS disorders. Prerequisite for success in cell therapy is the ability for transplanted cells to reach appropriate target such as stroke lesion. We have established neural stem cell line from human umbilical cord blood neural stem (HUCB-NSC). In the present study we(More)
The present study investigated influence of housing conditions on motor functions recovery and exploratory behavior following ouabain focal brain lesion in the rat. During 30 days post-surgery period rats were housed individually in standard cages (IS) or in groups in enriched environment (EE) and behaviorally tested. The EE lesioned rats showed enhanced(More)
The efflux of mitochondrial protein cytochrome C to cytoplasm is one of the key events of mitochondrial dysfunction observed in post-ischemic pathology. We investigated the effect of intra-carotid infusion of 5-10 mg/kg of cyclosporin A (CsA) on the neuronal survival in CA1 sector of hippocampus and on the subcellular localization of cytochrome C in the(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to analyze the molecular mechanism(s) of diazepam neuroprotection in two models of selective neuronal death in CA1 sector of hippocampus: in vivo following transient gerbil brain ischemia and in vitro in rat hippocampal brain slices subjected to glutamatergic (100 microM NMDA) or oxidative (30 microM(More)
Fetal cells with the characteristics of neural stem cells (NSCs) can be derived from the nonhematopoietic fraction of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB), expanded as a nonimmortalized cell line (HUCB-NSC), and further differentiated into neuron-like cells (HUCB-NSCD); however, the functional and neuronal properties of these cells are poorly understood. To(More)
The access of transplanted cells to large areas of the CNS is of critical value for cell therapy of chronic diseases associated with widespread neurodegeneration. Intrathecal cell application can match this requirement. Here we describe an efficient method for cell injection into the cisterna magna and the assessment of the cell distribution within(More)