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In vitro studies conducted by our research group documented that neural progenitor cells can be selected from human umbilical cord blood (HUCB-NPs). Due to further expansion of these cells we have established the first human umbilical cord blood-derived neural-like stem cell line (HUCB-NSC) growing in serum-free (SF) or low-serum (LS) medium for over 3(More)
The ability of stem and progenitor cells to proliferate and differentiate into other lineages is widely viewed as a characteristic of stem cells. Previously, we have reported that cells from a CD34(-) (nonhematopoietic) adherent subpopulation of human cord blood can acquire a feature of multipotential neural progenitors in vitro. In the present study, using(More)
Neural stem cells are clonogenic, self-renewing cells with the potential to differentiate into brain-specific cell lines. Our study demonstrates that a neural-stem-cell-like subpopulation can be selected and expanded in vitro by the use of human umbilical cord blood cells, which are a relatively easily available starting material. Through a combination of(More)
OBJECTIVES The fate choice of neural progenitor cells could be dictated by local cellular environment of the adult CNS. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of hippocampal tissue on differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocyte NG2 precursor cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Hippocampal slice culture was established from the brains of(More)
Cardiac arrest induced rat brain ischemia of 15 min duration produces a rapid and profound decrease in activity of calcium/calmodulin stimulated protein kinase (CaM-KII). In contrast to that, the total amount of enzyme protein remains stable as revealed by Western blotting (alpha subunit specific) analysis. Ischemic insult also results in translocation of(More)
Ammonia is a neurotoxin whose administration in large doses causes coma and death of the exposed animals, but whether and in what degree these whole body effects are related to the death of CNS cells is not known. Since the downstream effects of ammonia in cultured CNS cells appear to be partly mediated by overactivation of several putative signalling(More)
Two different models of brain ischemia were used to examine the evoked changes in the tyrosine phosphorylation of NMDA receptor subunits 2A and 2B (NR2A and NR2B), as well as their interactions with non-receptor tyrosine kinases (NRTKs: FAK, PYK2 Src), and PSD-95 protein. Only short-term 5 min ischemia followed by 3 h reperfusion resulted in the elevated(More)
OBJECTIVE The exposure of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells devoid of hematopoietic stem cells (HUCB-MNCsCD34-) to defined culture condition promotes their conversion into neural lineage. We have asked the question if observed fate change of HUCB-MNCsCD34- results from direct conversion of hematopoietic precursors into neural-like phenotypes due(More)
The expanding population of neural stem/progenitor cells can be selected from human cord blood nonhematopoietic (CD34-negative) mononuclear fraction. Due to repeated expansion and selection of these cells we have established the first clonogenic, nonimmortalized human umbilical cord blood neural stem-like cell (HUCB-NSC) line. This line can be maintained at(More)
The aim of our study was to investigate whether a human neural cell line could be used as a reliable screening tool to examine the functional conservation, in humans, of transcription factors involved in neuronal or glial specification in other species. Gain-of-function experiments were performed on DEV cells, a cell line derived from a human(More)