Krysty D. Munns

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Escherichia coli strains isolated from fecal samples were screened to examine changes in phenotypic and genotypic characteristics including antimicrobial susceptibility, clonal type, and carriage of resistance determinants. The goal of this 197-day study was to investigate the influence of administration of chlortetracycline alone (T) or in combination with(More)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a pathogenic, gram-negative bacterium that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and can lead to fatal hemolytic uremic syndrome in humans. We examined the persistence of E. coli O157:H7 lineages I and II in feces held at 4, 12, and 25 degrees C, from animals fed either grain or hay diets. Three strains of each lineage I and II(More)
AIMS To characterize class 1 integrons and resistance genes in tetracycline-resistant Escherichia coli originating from beef cattle subtherapeutically administered chlortetracycline (A44), chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine (AS700), or no antimicrobials (control). METHODS AND RESULTS Tetracycline-resistant E. coli (control, n = 111; AS700, n = 53; A44,(More)
Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is a common digestive disorder in dairy cows characterized by prolonged periods of undesirably low rumen pH (<5.8) and is caused by the accumulation of volatile fatty acids in rumen. This disorder damages the ruminal mucosa, causes diarrhea, reduces dry matter intake (DMI), and can result in anorexia and death. In this(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and distribution of Escherichia coli O157:H7 lineage-specific polymorphism assay (LSPA) 6 genotypes from cattle (n = 313) and clinical human (n = 203) isolates from northern and southern Alberta, Canada, to understand possible associations of genotypes with host and geographic location. The majority of(More)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a foodborne pathogen that causes illness in humans worldwide. Cattle are the primary reservoir of this bacterium, with the concentration and frequency of E. coli O157:H7 shedding varying greatly among individuals. The term "super-shedder" has been applied to cattle that shed concentrations of E. coli O157:H7 ≥ 10⁴ colony-forming(More)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major foodborne human pathogen causing disease worldwide. Cattle are a major reservoir for this pathogen and those that shed E. coli O157:H7 at >104 CFU/g feces have been termed "super-shedders". A rich microbial community inhabits the mammalian intestinal tract, but it is not known if the structure of this community differs(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and duration of super-shedding in cattle by enumerating Escherichia coli O157:H7 in feces and to compare lineage and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) subtypes from super- and low-shedders. E. coli O157:H7 was enumerated from fecal samples obtained from the rectums of 400 feedlot cattle.(More)
The objectives of this study were to identify endemic bacteriophages (phages) in the feedlot environment and determine relationships of these phages to Escherichia coli O157:H7 from cattle shedding high and low numbers of naturally occurring E. coli O157:H7. Angus crossbred steers were purchased from a southern Alberta (Canada) feedlot where cattle(More)
Cattle are the primary reservoir of the foodborne pathogen Escherichia coli O157:H7, with the concentration and frequency of E. coli O157:H7 shedding varying substantially among individual hosts. The term ''super-shedder" has been applied to cattle that shed ≥10(4) cfu E. coli O157:H7/g of feces. Super-shedders have been reported to be responsible for the(More)