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Two studies tested the hypothesis that females penalize women who succeed in male gender-typed jobs to salvage their own self-views regarding competence. The authors proposed that women are motivated to penalize successful women (i.e., characterize them as unlikable and interpersonally hostile) to minimize the self-evaluative consequences of social(More)
Injuries to the hand and wrist are commonly encountered in athletes. Decisions regarding the most appropriate treatment, the timing of treatment, and return to play are made while balancing desires to resume athletic activities and sound orthopedic principles. Little recognition in the literature exists regarding the need for a different approach when(More)
PURPOSE To describe the origin and insertion of the ulnar (UCL) and radial collateral ligaments (RCL) of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint. METHODS We dissected 18 UCLs and 18 RCLs from fresh-frozen human cadaveric thumbs. We removed all soft tissue overlying the MCP joint, isolating the proper collateral ligaments. We detached the collateral(More)
PURPOSE Elbow flexion posture, caused by spasticity of the muscles on the anterior surface of the elbow, is the most common elbow deformity seen in patients with cerebral palsy. This study retrospectively evaluated early results of 2 surgical interventions for elbow flexion deformities based on degree of contracture. We hypothesized that by guiding surgical(More)
PURPOSE To describe the origin and insertion of the radial collateral ligament (RCL) of the index metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint, relative to the MP joint line and other landmarks readily discernible intraoperatively. METHODS We dissected 17 fresh-frozen human cadaveric index fingers. We removed all overlying soft tissue from the MP joint except for the(More)
PURPOSE To identify the varying contributions of the proximal and distal portions of the subsheath of the extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) to its stability, evaluate the correlation of ulnar groove depth and ECU subluxation, and observe the effect of forearm and wrist positions on ECU stability. METHODS Extensor carpi ulnaris tendon position relative to the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the biomechanical properties of 3 scapholunate repair techniques. METHODS In 51 cadavers, the scapholunate ligament was exposed through a dorsal approach, incised at its scaphoid insertion, and repaired using 1 of 3 techniques: 2 single-loaded suture anchors, 2 double-loaded suture anchors, or 2 transosseous sutures. Twenty-four(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a technique using interference screws to secure a tendon graft for reconstruction of the radial collateral ligament (RCL) of the index finger metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint. We hypothesized that this technique would provide equivalent stability and flexion as a 4-tunnel reconstruction. METHODS We isolated the RCL in 17 cadaveric index(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the long-term results of surgical intervention for elbow flexion deformity in cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that improvements in elbow extension and flexion posture angle at ambulation would be maintained over time with preservation of active flexion. METHODS A total of 23 patients (23 elbows) were available for long-term follow-up.(More)
Many surgical techniques for treating chronic posttraumatic hyperextension instability of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint involve exploration of the PIP joint, often leading to stiffness in an already traumatized joint. This article outlines the indications, contraindications, surgical technique, and postoperative management for a modified flexor(More)