Krittikorn Kümpornsin

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Malaria parasites have evolved a series of intricate mechanisms to survive and propagate within host red blood cells. Intra-erythrocytic parasitism requires these organisms to digest haemoglobin and detoxify iron-bound haem. These tasks are executed by haemoglobin-specific proteases and haem biocrystallization factors that are components of a large(More)
Antifolates are currently in clinical use for malaria preventive therapy and treatment. The drugs kill the parasites by targeting the enzymes in the de novo folate pathway. The use of antifolates has now been limited by the spread of drug-resistant mutations. GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH1) is the first and the rate-limiting enzyme in the folate pathway. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the cause for the differences between potentially mild Southeast Asian and the more pathogenic ZIKV in South America. METHODS A comparative genomic analysis was performed to determine putative causations stemming from ZIKV. RESULTS Phylogenetic analyses integrating geographical and time factors revealed that Southeast Asian ZIKV(More)
Biological robustness allows mutations to accumulate while maintaining functional phenotypes. Despite its crucial role in evolutionary processes, the mechanistic details of how robustness originates remain elusive. Using an evolutionary trajectory analysis approach, we demonstrate how robustness evolved in malaria parasites under selective pressure from an(More)
Malaria is a major public health problem affecting 500 million people each year. Only few anti-malarial drugs are now available for fighting this deadly disease, and their effectiveness is alarmingly dwindling because of the drug resistant strains. Here we discuss recent findings on the evolutionary process behind the gain of a resistant gene. It was shown(More)
Malaria is a major global health challenge with 300million new cases every year. The most effective regimen for treating Plasmodium falciparum malaria is based on artemisinin and its derivatives. The drugs are highly effective, resulting in rapid clearance of parasites even in severe P. falciparum malaria patients. During the last five years,(More)
Even though antigenic variation is employed among parasitic protozoa for host immune evasion, Tetrahymena thermophila, a free-living ciliate, can also change its surface protein antigens. These cysteine-rich glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked surface proteins are encoded by a family of polymorphic Ser genes. Despite the availability of T. thermophila(More)
The elastic property of red blood cell is supported by interaction between red cell membrane and the intricate cytoskeleton network underlying the membrane bilayer cytoplasmic face. One of the major scaffold protein linkers is band 3-ankyrin complex. Defects occurring in this complex have been found in many inherited diseases, causing red blood cell(More)
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