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The ability of microorganisms to adhere to abiotic surfaces and the potentialities of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy have been exploited to study protonation and heavy metal binding events onto bacterial surfaces. This work represents the first attempt to apply on bacteria the recently developed method known(More)
Reports on insertional "genotoxicity" in patients have created intense interest in characterizing retroviral vector integrations on the genomic level. The retroviral vector SF91m3 was used for transduction of human peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC). These PBPC were transplanted into nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mice. A total of(More)
To clarify controversies in the literature of the field, we have purified and characterized B16F1 melanoma cell derived exosomes (mcd-exosomes) then we attempted to dissect their immunological activities. We tested how mcd-exosomes influence CD4+ T cell proliferation induced by bone marrow derived dendritic cells; we quantified NF-κB activation in mature(More)
Uridine, like adenosine, is released under sustained depolarization and it can inhibit hippocampal neuronal activity, suggesting that uridine may be released during seizures and can be involved in epileptic mechanisms. In an in vivo microdialysis study, we measured the extracellular changes of nucleoside and amino acid levels and recorded cortical EEG(More)
Increasing use of hematopoietic stem cells for retroviral vector-mediated gene therapy and recent reports on insertional mutagenesis in mice and humans have created intense interest to characterize vector integrations on a genomic level. We studied retrovirally transduced human peripheral blood progenitor cells with bone marrow-repopulating ability in(More)
Photosynthetic reaction center proteins purified from Rhodobacter sphaeroides purple bacterium were deposited on the surface of indium tin oxide (ITO), a transparent conductive oxide, and the photochemical/-physical properties of the composite were investigated. The kinetics of the light induced absorption change indicated that the RC was active in the(More)
We have developed a highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based technique termed two-step PCR, which uses arbitrary primers to identify proviral integration sites in retrovirally marked human colony-forming cells. The two-step PCR was established on cell line clones transduced with the SF1m retroviral vector and independently validated by(More)
Methods to analyze the clonality of an adverse event in preclinical or clinical retroviral stem cell gene therapy protocols are needed. We analyzed the progeny of retrovirally transduced human peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) after transplantation and engraftment in immune-deficient mice. The integration site of the provirus serves as a unique tag(More)
The knowledge of alterations in regulation of autophagy during tumorigenesis may also help our understanding of its normal control. We established an experimental system and reported recently that autophagic capacity, measured as the cell's capability of increasing segregation (formation of autophagosomes) and subsequent degradation of cytoplasmic quanta(More)
The reliable determination of the mechanical properties of a living cell is one of the most important challenges of the atomic force microscopic measurements. In the present study the spatial and temporal dependency of the force measurements on cerebral endothelial cells was investigated. Besides imaging the cells, two different sequences of force(More)