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Neurovascular compression (NC) seems to have been confirmed as the major cause of classical trigeminal neuralgia (TN). In spite of the large number of surgically positive cases, however, there are still cases where no vascular compression of the trigeminal nerve can be found. To evaluate whether NC could be demonstrated preoperatively, high-resolution(More)
BACKGROUND The 'Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Instrument' (MSQOL-54) was recently validated in Hungarian, on more than 400 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact on their overall quality of life (QoL) of the demographic and clinical data on these patients, and their scores on different QoL scales. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the characteristics of sustained muscle activation during convulsive epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), as compared to voluntary muscle activation. The main goal was to find surface electromyography (EMG) features that can distinguish between convulsive epileptic seizures and convulsive PNES. METHODS In this(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the development of visual contrast sensitivity (CS) in children between 5 and 14 years of age. Six spatial frequencies and static (0 Hz) and dynamic (8 Hz) conditions were used at photopic and scotopic luminance levels. The results revealed significant maturation of CS, which reached the adult-like values by(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate spatiotemporal visual functions under scotopic and photopic conditions in order to acquire human psychophysical and electrophysiological data that are comparable with contrast sensitivities based on single-unit recordings in animal experiments. Static and dynamic contrast sensitivities (CSs) and steady-state visual(More)
Many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) show cognitive and emotional disorders. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of contingency learning in decision-making in young, non-depressed, highly functioning patients with MS (n=21) and in matched healthy controls (n=30). Executive functions, attention, short-term memory, speed of information(More)
Visual disturbances are frequent symptoms in migraine. Since there is a possibility of separate damage in the magno- or parvo-cellular visual pathway in migraine patients, we performed a study including the measurement of static and dynamic spatial contrast sensitivity on 15 patients suffering from migraine without aura under photopic and scotopic(More)
OBJECTIVE Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is one of the most frequent causes of sudden visual loss in middle-aged or elderly patients. Although several electrophysiological methods are available for an objective evaluation of the visual deficits, these are not generally used in the assessment of the clinical condition of NAION patients. To(More)
PURPOSE To explore the retinal functions in healthy volunteers during acute hypoxic exposure, applying a set of electrophysiological tests. METHODS Standard electroretinograms (ERGs) of the retina (rod-(scotopic) ERGs, cone-(photopic) ERGs, maximal responses and oscillatory potentials (OPs)) and 30-Hz flicker ERGs were recorded according to ISCEV(More)
Our objective was the clinical validation of an automated algorithm based on surface electromyography (EMG) for differentiation between convulsive epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs). Forty-four consecutive episodes with convulsive events were automatically analyzed with the algorithm: 25 generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs) from 11(More)