Krisztian J Kapinya

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We tested whether volatile anesthetics induce neuroprotection that is maintained for a prolonged time. METHODS Rats were pretreated for 3 hours with 1 minimal anesthetic concentration of isoflurane or halothane in normal air (anesthetic preconditioning [AP]). The animals were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion(More)
The major goal of this study was to compare mechanisms of the neuroprotective potential of 17 beta-estradiol in two models for oxidative stress-independent apoptotic neuronal cell death with that in necrotic neuronal cell death in primary neuronal cultures derived from rat hippocampus, septum, or cortex. Neuronal apoptosis was induced either by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cellular response to hypoxia is mainly controlled by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). The HIF-1 target gene erythropoietin (EPO) has been described as neuroprotective. Thus, we hypothesize EPO to be an essential mediator of protection in hypoxic preconditioning. METHODS We randomized Sv129 mice into groups for different(More)
SV129 or C57BL/6 mice were exposed to hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO, 5 days, 1 h every day, 100% O(2) at 3 atm absolute). One day after the 5th HBO session focal cerebral ischemia was induced. In SV129 mice, HBO induced tolerance against permanent focal cerebral ischemia (n=42, mean infarct volume reduction 27%, P=0.001), but not against transient (30 or 60(More)
We applied serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) to study differentially expressed genes in mouse brain 14 hr after the induction of focal cerebral ischemia. Analysis of >60,000 transcripts revealed 83 upregulated and 94 downregulated transcripts (more than or equal to eightfold). Reproducibility was demonstrated by performing SAGE in duplicate on the(More)
Global forebrain ischemia of 5-min duration results in delayed neuronal death (DND) of CA1 neurons in the gerbil hippocampus. DND can be prevented by a preconditioning sublethal ischemic stimulus (2. 5 min), a phenomenon, known as ischemic tolerance induction. Striking evidence exists for the involvement of regulatory transcription factors encoded by(More)
We here demonstrate that general anesthesia with isoflurane can have profound effects on the brain of mice long after the anesthetic has been discontinued. Three hours of exposure to 1% isoflurane induced rapid and longlasting protection against 60 min transient focal cerebral ischemia induced by filament occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO). Mean(More)
A direct involvement of the antioxidant enzyme NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) in neuroprotection has not yet been shown. The aim of this study was to examine changes, localization and role of NQO1 after different neuronal injury paradigms. In primary cultures of rat cortex the activity of NQO1 was measured after treatment with ethylcholine(More)
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