Krisztián Pajer

Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To evaluate the short-term outcome of erythropoietin (EPO) therapy in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI). METHODS Rats were divided in an EPO and a control group. Laminectomy at Th11 was performed, followed by SCI. MnCl2 was applied into the cisterna magna and functional(More)
Following an injury to their axons close to the cell body, adult motoneurons generally die. This type of injury, typically caused by avulsion of the spinal ventral root, initiates the activation of astrocytes and microglial cells and the extracellular space becomes loaded with excessive amounts of excitotoxic glutamate. We have provided evidence that,(More)
De-focused low energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been widely used in various clinical and experimental models for the treatment of painful conditions such as epicondylitis and plantar fascitis and also bone and wound healing. There is evidence that ESWT improves the metabolic activity of various cell types, e.g. chondrocytes and(More)
PURPOSE Avulsion of one or more ventral roots from the spinal cord leads to the death of the majority of affected motoneurons. In this study we investigated whether immortalized clonal neuroectodermal stem cells applied to the injured cord in various ways impart neuroprotection on motoneurons otherwise destined to die. METHODS The lumbar 4 (L4) ventral(More)
Axonal injury close to cell bodies of motoneurons induces the death of the vast majority of affected cells. Neurotrophic factors, such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), delivered close to the damaged motor pool in a non-regulated manner induce good survival of injured motoneurons and sprouting of(More)
Spinal cord injury or disease result in the loss of critical numbers of spinal motoneurons and consequentially, in severe functional impairment. The most successful way to replace missing motoneurons is the use of embryonic postmitotic motoneuron grafts. This method may also at least partially restore integrity of the injured spinal cord. It has been shown(More)
Over the past decade, silk fibroin (SF) has been emergently used in peripheral nerve tissue engineering. Current approaches aiming at producing SF-based nerve guidance conduits (SF-NGCs) used dissolved silk based on either aqueous solutions or organic solvents. In this study, we describe a novel procedure to produce SF-NGCs: A braided tubular structure of(More)
Intramuscular injection of the calpain inhibitor leupeptin promotes peripheral nerve regeneration in primates (Badalamente et al., 1989 [13]), and direct positive effects of leupeptin on axon outgrowth were observed in vitro (Hausott et al., 2012 [12]). In this study, we applied leupeptin (2mg/ml) directly to collagen-filled nerve conduits in the rat(More)
Human plexus injuries often include the avulsion of one or more ventral roots, resulting in debilitating conditions. In this study the effects of undifferentiated murine iPSCs on damaged motoneurons were investigated following avulsion of the lumbar 4 (L4) ventral root, an injury known to induce the death of the majority of the affected motoneurons.(More)
signaling by grafted neuroectodermal stem cells rescues motoneurons destined to die. Summary Avulsion of one or more ventral roots from the spinal cord leads to the death of the majority of affected motoneurons. This process is due to a cascade of events involving activation of astrocytes and microglial cells and the excessive amounts of excitotoxic(More)
  • 1