Kristy M. Bialas

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Elucidation of maternal immune correlates of protection against congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is necessary to inform future vaccine design. Here, we present a novel rhesus macaque model of placental rhesus CMV (rhCMV) transmission and use it to dissect determinants of protection against congenital transmission following primary maternal rhCMV infection.(More)
Influenza virus strains are often pleiomorphic, a characteristic that is largely attributed to specific residues in matrix protein 1 (M1). Although the mechanism by which M1 controls virion morphology has not yet been defined, it is suggested that the M1 interaction with other viral proteins plays an important role. In this study, we rescued recombinant(More)
In April 2009, a novel influenza virus emerged as a result of genetic reassortment between two pre-existing swine strains. This highly contagious H1N1 recombinant (pH1N1) contains the same genomic background as North American triple reassortant (TR) viruses except for the NA and M segments which were acquired from the Eurasian swine lineage. Yet, despite(More)
Mother-to-child transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) can lead to severe birth defects and neurologic impairment of infants. Congenital CMV complicates up to 1% of all pregnancies globally. Although antiviral treatment of infants congenitally infected with CMV can ameliorate the CMV-associated hearing loss and developmental(More)
CMV is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that causes a lifelong, persistent infection in its host. Whereas primary CMV infections in otherwise healthy individuals are typically asymptomatic and go unnoticed, complications can develop in immunosuppressed individuals following acute CMV infection or CMV reactivation, presenting as retinitis, hepatitis,(More)
The identification of mutations in the HVR1 region of hepatitis type C virus (HCV) is time-consuming and expensive, and there is a need for a rapid, inexpensive method of screening for these mutations to predict the ineffectiveness of pegylated interferon alpha combined with ribavirin (PEG-IFNα/RBV) therapy. The project was designed to evaluate the(More)
Risk of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) transmission is highly dependent on the presence of preexisting maternal immunity, with the lowest rates observed in CMV-seroimmune populations. Among infants of CMV-seroimmune women, those who are exposed to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of acquiring cCMV infection as compared to(More)
A modified method which can be used for the rapid screening of mutations in the protein kinase R-binding domain (PKR-BD) region and the hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is described. This method is based on a high-resolution melting (HRM) technique used for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms and allows the detection of single(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common congenital infection worldwide and the leading infectious cause of neurologic deficits and hearing loss in newborns. Development of a maternal HCMV vaccine to prevent vertical virus transmission is a high priority, yet protective maternal immune responses following acute infection are poorly understood. To(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common congenital infection and a known cause of microcephaly, sensorineural hearing loss, and cognitive impairment among newborns worldwide. Natural maternal HCMV immunity reduces the incidence of congenital infection, but does not prevent the disease altogether. We employed a nonhuman primate model of congenital(More)
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