Kristy L Mugavero

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
Hypertension is a common and major risk factor for the leading U.S. killer, cardiovascular disease.1-5 Reducing excess dietary sodium can lower blood pressure, with a greater response among persons with hypertension.6-9 Nine of 10 Americans consume excess dietary sodium, defined as more than 2300 mg per day.10,11 Many leading medical and public health(More)
Students consume up to half of their daily calories at school, often through the federal school meal programs (e.g., National School Lunch Program) administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). In 2012, USDA published new required nutrition standards for school meals.* These standards were the first major revision to the school meal programs in(More)
Approximately 90% of Americans aged 2 years or older consume too much sodium (1). The consumption of too much sodium increases blood pressure, which increases the risk for stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and renal disease (2). Population-based strategies to reduce salt intake are cost-effective, can reduce blood pressure (3), and, according(More)
Excess sodium intake can lead to increased blood pressure. Restaurant foods contribute nearly a quarter of the sodium consumed in the American diet. The objective of the pilot project was to develop and implement in collaboration with independent restaurants a tool, the Restaurant Assessment Tool and Evaluation (RATE), to assess efforts to reduce sodium in(More)
Since sodium is ubiquitous in the food supply, recent approaches to sodium reduction have focused on increasing the availability of lower-sodium products through system-level and environmental changes. This article reviews integrated efforts by the Los Angeles County Sodium Reduction Initiative to implement these strategies at food venues in the County of(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying current major dietary sources of sodium can enhance strategies to reduce excess sodium intake, which occurs among 90% of US school-aged children. OBJECTIVE To describe major food sources, places obtained, and eating occasions contributing to sodium intake among US school-aged children. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis of data from(More)
High intake of dietary sodium is associated with elevated blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.1 Heart disease and stroke are the first and fourth leading causes of death in the United States; from a public health perspective, this makes control of hypertension an important issue. To address this, the Million Hearts(More)
PURPOSE This article describes lessons from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiative encompassing sodium reduction interventions in six communities. DESIGN A multiple case study design was used. SETTING This evaluation examined data from programs implemented in six communities located in New York (Broome County, Schenectady County, and(More)
  • 1