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Cytoarchitectonic atlas plates of the Macaca mulatta thalamus are presented in the sagittal plane of section with a revised nomenclature of the motor thalamic region. The proposed changes in nomenclature are based on the analysis of topographical relationships between nigral, pallidal, and cerebellar projections to the thalamus studied in 13 rhesus monkeys(More)
The mode of termination of individual pallidothalamic fibers in the densicellular subdivision of the ventral anterior thalamic nucleus (VAdc) of Macaca mulatta was analyzed with light and electron microscopy after injections of anterograde tracers in the medial globus pallidus. Three tracers were utilized: tritiated leucine, biotinylated dextran amine, and(More)
The literature on thalamic surgery is difficult to read because different nomenclatures are in use. Neurosurgeons mostly use the stereotactic atlas of Schaltenbrand with Hassler's nomenclature of the thalamus. Neuroanatomists use different nomenclatures for the primate thalamus. The cytoarchitectonic definition of nuclei is difficult in the motor thalamus,(More)
Dentato- and fastigiothalamic afferents were identified in the VM and medial VA and VL using electron microscopic (EM)-autoradiography. Synaptic vesicles in labeled dentate and fastigial boutons differed significantly in both their size and shape, which allows these two types of terminals to be distinguished in the normal neuropil. Differences in the mode(More)
Three anterograde tracers (PHA-L, WGA-HRP, BDA) placed in the most dorsomedial segment of the anterior part of the nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT) in the Rhesus monkey combined with postembedding immunoctochemistry with anti-GABA antibody resulted in double labeling of a distinct population of synaptic boutons in the thalamic nuclei of the anterior group(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry technique with [35S]UTP-labelled riboprobes was used to study the expression pattern of 10 GABA(A) receptor subunit messenger RNAs in the basal ganglia and motor thalamic nuclei of rhesus monkey. Human transcripts were used for the synthesis of alpha2, alpha4, beta2, beta3, gamma1 and delta subunit messenger RNA probes.(More)
Ultrastructure of the major cerebellar territory of the monkey thalamus, or VL as delineated in sagittal maps by Ilinsky and Kultas-Ilinsky (J. Comp. Neurol. 262:331-364, '87), was analyzed by using neuroanatomical tracing, immunocytochemical, and quantitative morphometric techniques. The VL nucleus contains nerve cells of two types. Multipolar neurons (PN)(More)
Six injections (approximately 1 mm in diameter) of biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) were placed in different locations of the primary motor cortex of the rhesus monkey. Anterograde and retrograde labeling patterns in the thalamus were charted and individual labeled axons traced in continuous serial sections. Both anterograde and retrograde labeling in the(More)
The ventral region of the motor thalamus that receives cerebellar afferents has been and still is the target of stereotactic interventions for movement disorders. According to Hassler, this area includes ventro-oralis posterior (Vop) and ventral intermedius (Vim) nuclei, although some investigators believe that Vop is associated with the pallidothalamic(More)