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Cytoarchitectonic atlas plates of the Macaca mulatta thalamus are presented in the sagittal plane of section with a revised nomenclature of the motor thalamic region. The proposed changes in nomenclature are based on the analysis of topographical relationships between nigral, pallidal, and cerebellar projections to the thalamus studied in 13 rhesus monkeys(More)
The literature on thalamic surgery is difficult to read because different nomenclatures are in use. Neurosurgeons mostly use the stereotactic atlas of Schaltenbrand with Hassler's nomenclature of the thalamus. Neuroanatomists use different nomenclatures for the primate thalamus. The cytoarchitectonic definition of nuclei is difficult in the motor thalamus,(More)
Six injections (approximately 1 mm in diameter) of biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) were placed in different locations of the primary motor cortex of the rhesus monkey. Anterograde and retrograde labeling patterns in the thalamus were charted and individual labeled axons traced in continuous serial sections. Both anterograde and retrograde labeling in the(More)
Three anterograde tracers (PHA-L, WGA-HRP, BDA) placed in the most dorsomedial segment of the anterior part of the nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT) in the Rhesus monkey combined with postembedding immunoctochemistry with anti-GABA antibody resulted in double labeling of a distinct population of synaptic boutons in the thalamic nuclei of the anterior group(More)
The ventral region of the motor thalamus that receives cerebellar afferents has been and still is the target of stereotactic interventions for movement disorders. According to Hassler, this area includes ventro-oralis posterior (Vop) and ventral intermedius (Vim) nuclei, although some investigators believe that Vop is associated with the pallidothalamic(More)
Projections to the motor-related thalamic nuclei from the anterior pole of the reticular thalamic nucleus (NRT) were studied after injections of biotinylated dextran amine and wheat germ agglutinin conjugated horseradish peroxidase at light and electron microscopic levels, respectively. Each injection resulted in anterograde labeling in the three(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry technique with [35S]UTP-labelled riboprobes was used to study the expression pattern of 10 GABA(A) receptor subunit messenger RNAs in the basal ganglia and motor thalamic nuclei of rhesus monkey. Human transcripts were used for the synthesis of alpha2, alpha4, beta2, beta3, gamma1 and delta subunit messenger RNA probes.(More)
The effect of high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus on parkinsonian-like resting tremor was investigated in two monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Unilateral tremor of the arm and leg was induced by electrical coagulation of the brainstem area including the substantia nigra and the red nucleus. The tremor was only seen at rest condition with a(More)