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AIM Motor skill impairment and cognitive dysfunction are commonly reported features of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). We characterized and determined the relationship between motor impairment, gait variables, and cognitive function in children and adolescents with NF1. METHOD Motor function, gait, and neurocognitive abilities were assessed in 46 children(More)
Recent progress in scientific research has facilitated accurate genetic and neuropathological diagnosis of congenital myopathies. However, given their relatively low incidence, congenital myopathies remain unfamiliar to the majority of care providers, and the levels of patient care are extremely variable. This consensus statement aims to provide care(More)
Inhalation anthrax is a rare disease that is almost invariably fatal. This study determined whether a prolonged course of postexposure antibiotics with or without vaccination would protect monkeys exposed to a lethal aerosol dose of Bacillus anthracis when the antibiotic was discontinued. Beginning 1 day after exposure, groups of 10 animals were given(More)
Dynamin-2-related centronuclear myopathy (DNM2-CNM) is a clinically heterogeneous muscle disorder characterized by muscle weakness and centralized nuclei on biopsy. There is little known about the muscle dysfunction underlying this disorder, and there are currently no treatments. In this study, we establish a novel zebrafish model for DNM2-CNM by(More)
Curcumin is the newest therapeutic agent for ameliorating the clinical and neuropathologic phenotype of a mouse model of Déjérine-Sottas disease. We undertook a 12-month dose-escalation safety trial of oral curcumin in a 15-year-old Caucasian girl with Déjérine-Sottas disease (point mutation, Ser72Leu) complicated by severe weakness, scoliosis, and(More)
This study established a normal middle ear resonance estimated from sweep frequency tympanometry (250-2000 Hz) and established normal equivalent ear canal volume, static acoustic admittance, and tympanometric peak pressure at 226 Hz in children with normal hearing (N = 90) and in children with severe to profound sensorineural impairments (N = 68).(More)
Preschool-age children with neuromuscular disorders are often excluded from clinical trials due to the lack of reliable and objective strength measures. We evaluated the reliability of measuring foot and ankle muscle strength in 60 healthy children age 2-4 years. The strength of foot inversion and eversion, ankle plantarflexion, and dorsiflexion was(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease affects foot and ankle strength from the earliest stages of the disease; however, little is known about factors influencing normal strength development or the pathogenesis of foot weakness and deformity in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. The authors investigated factors associated with foot and ankle strength in healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, or ankle equinus, is a common and disabling problem for patients with neuromuscular disease. Clinicians devote considerable time and resources implementing interventions to correct this problem although few of these interventions have been subject to rigorous empirical investigation. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Vitamin D (VD) has been implicated in type 1 diabetes (T1D) by genetic and epidemiological studies. Individuals living in regions with low sunlight exposure have an increased T1D risk and VD supplementation reduced the risk in human individuals and mouse models. One possibility of how VD influences the pathogenesis of T1D is its immunomodulatory effect on(More)