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We present a RELM forecast of future earthquakes in California that is primarily based on the pattern informatics (PI) method. This method identifies regions that have systematic fluctuations in seismicity, and it has been demonstrated to be successful. A PI forecast map originally published on 19 February 2002 for southern California successfully forecast(More)
Color images can be treated as two-dimensional quaternion functions. For analysis of quaternion images, a joint space-wavenumber localized quaternion S transform (QS) is presented in this study for a simultaneous determination of the local color image spectra. The QS transform uses a two-dimensional Gaussian localizing window that scales with wavenumbers.(More)
—A revised method for derivation of three-dimensional surface motions maps from sparse global positioning system (GPS) measurements and two differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR) interferograms based on a random field theory and Gibbs–Markov random fields equivalency within Bayesian statistical framework is proposed. It is shown that(More)
— A method based on random field theory and Gibbs-Markov random fields equivalency within Bayesian statistical framework is used to derive three-dimensional surface motion maps from sparse GPS measurements and Differential InSAR (DInSAR) interferogram in the southern California region. The minimization of the Gibbs energy function is performed analytically(More)
No proven method is currently available for the reliable short time prediction of earthquakes (minutes to months). However, it is possible to make probabilistic hazard assessments for earthquake risk. In this paper we discuss a new approach to earthquake forecasting based on a pattern informatics (PI) method which quantifies temporal variations in(More)
We demonstrate here a computer code for calculation of time series and also mean and linear deformation rates from a set of coregistered unwrapped differential interferograms using a linear least-squares inversion technique based on the small baseline subset (SBAS) algorithm. The computer code is written in C and uses a singular value decomposition (SVD)(More)
We present here a methodology that allows the combination of GPS and Differential InSAR data for the calculation of continuous three-dimensional (3D) high-resolution velocity maps with corresponding errors. It is based on analytic minimization of the Gibbs energy function, which is possible in the case when neighborhood pixels of the velocity maps are(More)
The Regional Earthquake Likelihood Models (RELM) test of earthquake forecasts in California was the first competitive evaluation of forecasts of future earthquake occurrence. Participants submitted expected probabilities of occurrence of M ≥ 4.95 earthquakes in 0.1° × 0.1° cells for the period 1 January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010. Probabilities were(More)
We analyze the structure of fluctuations near critical points and spinodals in mean-field and near-mean-field systems. Unlike systems that are non-mean-field, for which a fluctuation can be represented by a single cluster in a properly chosen percolation model, a fluctuation in mean-field and near-mean-field systems consists of a large number of clusters,(More)