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The neuropsychological tests developed for the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) are currently used to measure cognitive impairments of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in clinical investigations of this disorder. This report presents the normative information for the CERAD battery, obtained in a large sample (n = 413) of control(More)
The present study was designed to determine which of the memory tasks included in the CERAD (Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease) neuropsychological battery best differentiate patients with early Alzheimer's disease from cognitively normal elderly control subjects and also best distinguish between the various levels of severity of the(More)
We conducted a co-twin control study among 50 elderly twin pairs with onsets of Alzheimer's disease (AD) separated by 3 or more years. Twenty-three male pairs (46%) were screened from the (U.S.) National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council Registry (NAS-NRC Registry) of World War II veteran twins; others (mostly women) had responded to(More)
Factors that modify onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be revealed by comparing environmental exposures in affected and unaffected members of discordant twin pairs or sibships. Among siblings at high risk of AD, sustained use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was associated with delayed onset and reduced risk of AD. After adjustment for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of genetic factors to cognitive functioning in older men. DESIGN Cognitive testing by telephone interview in an epidemiologically defined population. PARTICIPANTS 2077 monozygotic and 2225 dizygotic male twin pairs, all between the ages of 62 and 73 years, recruited from the National Academy of Sciences twin(More)
In earlier work we proposed the idea of requirements-aware systems that could introspect about the extent to which their goals were being satisfied at runtime. When combined with requirements monitoring and self adaptive capabilities, requirements awareness should help optimize goal satisfaction even in the presence of changing run-time context. In this(More)
Autonomous systems are increasingly conceived as a means to allow operation in changeable or poorly understood environments. However, granting a system autonomy over its operation removes the ability of the developer to be completely sure of the system's behaviour under all operating contexts. This combination of environmental and behavioural uncertainty(More)
Our earlier studies using the Consortium to Establish a Registry of Alzheimer's Disease neuropsychological battery showed that delayed recall was a highly sensitive indicator of early Alzheimer's disease. None of the learning and memory measures in the battery were found to be useful in staging the severity of this form of dementia. This study explores the(More)
We evaluated the relation of education and intelligence in early adult life to cognitive function in a group of elderly male twins. The Army General Classification Test (AGCT) was administered to US armed forces inductees in the early 1940s. Fifty years later, as part of a study of dementia in twins, we tested the cognitive status of 930 of these men using(More)