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Diaphragmatic injury is an uncommon but clinically important entity in the setting of trauma. Computed tomography (CT) is widely used to evaluate hemodynamically stable trauma patients. While prior studies have identified CT signs of diaphragm injury in blunt or penetrating trauma, no study has directly compared signs across these two types of injuries. We(More)
Although aortic valve replacement is the definitive therapy for severe aortic stenosis, almost half of patients with severe aortic stenosis are unable to undergo conventional aortic valve replacement because of advanced age, comorbidities, or prohibitive surgical risk. Treatment options have been recently expanded with the introduction of catheter-based(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This article reviews the imaging findings of common parasitic infections of the lung with a focus on the radiographic and computed tomography (CT) appearances in the context of the life cycle and pathophysiology of each organism. RECENT FINDINGS Parasitic infections are often confused for more common diseases of the lung including(More)
Although delayed contrast material-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has traditionally been used to evaluate ischemic disease and myocardial viability, it is increasingly being used in the evaluation of nonischemic cardiomyopathies. Unlike myocardial infarction, which demonstrates subendocardial or transmural delayed contrast enhancement in a(More)
For certain clinical applications, coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has become a useful tool for the noninvasive evaluation of coronary artery atherosclerosis. To optimize image quality in CCTA, medications are often given prior to scanning to slow the heart rate or distend the arteries. These medications have side effects and are contraindicated in certain(More)
Primary imaging options in patients at low risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) who present with undifferentiated chest pain and without signs of ischemia are functional testing with exercise or pharmacologic stress-based electrocardiography, echocardiography, or myocardial perfusion imaging to exclude myocardial ischemia after rule-out of myocardial(More)
Although multidetector computed tomographic (MDCT) pulmonary angiography has found widespread use in the evaluation of acute pulmonary embolism, advances in technology have allowed for its application in realms that were previously exclusive to conventional pulmonary angiography. In this article, the authors address the use of MDCT in the evaluation of(More)
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. Coronary artery disease has a long asymptomatic latent period and early targeted preventive measures can reduce mortality and morbidity. It is important to accurately classify individuals at elevated risk in order to identify those who might(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within FDA guidelines for the MRI-conditional pacemaker precludes placing the heart at the center of the magnet's bore. This in effect appears to preclude cardiovascular MR. In this manuscript, we describe a protocol for cardiovascular MR of patients with a Revo pacemaker system while operating within FDA guidelines, and the(More)