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Sepsis and hemorrhage can result in injury to multiple organs and is associated with an extremely high rate of mortality. We hypothesized that peritoneal negative pressure therapy (NPT) would reduce systemic inflammation and organ damage. Pigs (n = 12) were anesthetized and surgically instrumented for hemodynamic monitoring. Through a laparotomy, the(More)
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a lipid mediator that plays an important role in inflammation. Metabolism of LTB(4) by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes belonging to the CYP4F subfamily is considered to be of importance for the regulation of inflammation. This study investigates LTB(4) metabolism by recombinant rat CYP4F5 and CYP4F6 expressed in a yeast system and(More)
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG CoA-reductase) inhibitors, otherwise known as statins, are currently the medical treatment of choice for hypercholesterolemia. Hypercholesterolemia is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and statin therapy has led to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality from adverse cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVES Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a matricellular glycoprotein released from platelets at sites of arterial injury and is important in neointima development after balloon angioplasty. MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that function by binding target gene mRNA and inhibiting protein translation. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is up-regulated after angioplasty,(More)
Vascular disease associated with diabetes mellitus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and is increasing in the United States. It is now recognized that oxidative stress plays a substantial role in the underlying vascular pathology of several diseases, including hypertension and diabetes. In diabetes, there is an increase in the steady state levels(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes is associated with a more aggressive form of atherosclerosis. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), an extracellular matrix protein, is an acute-phase reactant that induces vascular smooth muscle (VSMC) migration and proliferation in areas of vascular injury and is also up-regulated in VSMCs exposed to hyperglycemia. This study tested the hypothesis(More)
Recent studies indicate that arachidonic acid is primarily metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes of the 4A and 2C families in the kidney to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE), epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids. These compounds play central roles in the regulation of renal tubular and vascular function. 20-HETE is(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1), fibronectin (Fn), and vitronectin (Vn) promote vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) chemotaxis through a variety of second messenger systems, including Ras, ERK1/2, and p38. HYPOTHESIS Ras, ERK1/2, and p38 differentially affect TSP-1-, Fn-, and Vn-induced VSMC chemotaxis. METHODS Bovine VSMCs were transfected with Ras(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration after arterial injury. TSP-1 up-regulates hyaluronic acid (HyA)-inducing genes in VSMCs. HyA also induces VSMC migration. Our hypothesis was that TSP-1-induced VSMC migration is dependent on the CD44 receptor, and that HyA and TSP-1 share migratory signaling pathways.(More)
1. Arachidonic acid (AA) is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP)-dependent pathways to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET) and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) in the kidney and the peripheral vasculature. 2. The present short review summarizes the renal and cardiovascular actions of these important mediators. 3. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids are(More)