Kristopher G. Maier

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Angioplasty causes local vascular injury, leading to the release of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), which stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and proliferation, important steps in the development of intimal hyperplasia. Transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGF-β2) and hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS) are two pro-stenotic genes upregulated in VSMCs(More)
The present study examined whether 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) contributes to the vasoconstrictor effect of angiotensin II (ANG II) in renal microvessels by preventing activation of the large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (KCa) in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells. ANG II increased the production of 20-HETE in rat renal microvessels.(More)
Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for intimal hyperplasia (IH). Key to IH is vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a matricellular protein that stimulates VSMC migration. Hypothesis: HDL will inhibit and LDL will augment TSP-1-induced VSMC chemotaxis. VSMC chemotaxis will be inhibited by the HDL moiety, S1P, through the S1PR1(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is an important regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) physiology and gene expression. MicroRNAs (microRNA), small molecules that regulate protein translation, have emerged as potent regulators of cell function. MicroRNAs have been shown to be involved in intimal hyperplasia, atherosclerosis, and upregulated in the(More)
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