Kristopher G. Maier

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This study characterized myogenic activation of skeletal muscle (gracilis) resistance arteries from lean (LZR) and obese Zucker rats (OZR). Arteries from OZR exhibited increased myogenic activation versus LZR; this increase was impaired by endothelium denudation or nitric oxde synthase inhibition. Treatment of vessels with 17-octadecynoic acid impaired(More)
The present study examined the effects of ANG II on the renal synthesis of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) and its contribution to the renal vasoconstrictor and the acute and chronic pressor effects of ANG II in rats. ANG II (10(-11) to 10(-7) mol/l) reduced the diameter of renal interlobular arteries treated with inhibitors of nitric oxide(More)
The present study evaluated whether reactive oxygen species-induced alterations in bioavailability of 20-HETE in the kidney contribute to the antihypertensive and renoprotective actions of antioxidant therapy with Tempol in the Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rat. Superoxide inhibited the synthesis of 20-HETE by renal cortical microsomes and enhanced breakdown of(More)
This study examined the effects of blocking the formation of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) on the acute fall in cerebral blood flow after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in the rat. In vehicle-treated rats, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) measured with laser-Doppler flowmetry fell by 30% 10 min after the injection of 0.3 ml of arterial blood(More)
Mediator contributions to hypoxic dilation of rat gracilis muscle resistance arteries were determined by measuring dilation, vascular smooth muscle hyperpolarization, and metabolite production after incremental hypoxia. Nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition abolished responses to mild hypoxia, whereas COX inhibition impaired responses to more severe hypoxia(More)
The present study examined whether 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) contributes to the vasoconstrictor effect of angiotensin II (ANG II) in renal microvessels by preventing activation of the large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (KCa) in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells. ANG II increased the production of 20-HETE in rat renal microvessels.(More)
NO synthase (NOS) can paradoxically contribute to the production of reactive oxygen species when l-arginine or the cofactor R-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) becomes limited. The present study examined whether NOS contributes to superoxide production in kidneys of hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats compared with an inbred consomic control strain(More)
Angioplasty causes local vascular injury, leading to the release of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), which stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and proliferation, important steps in the development of intimal hyperplasia. Transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGF-β2) and hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS) are two pro-stenotic genes upregulated in VSMCs(More)
Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for intimal hyperplasia (IH). Key to IH is vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a matricellular protein that stimulates VSMC migration. Hypothesis: HDL will inhibit and LDL will augment TSP-1-induced VSMC chemotaxis. VSMC chemotaxis will be inhibited by the HDL moiety, S1P, through the S1PR1(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is an important regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) physiology and gene expression. MicroRNAs (microRNA), small molecules that regulate protein translation, have emerged as potent regulators of cell function. MicroRNAs have been shown to be involved in intimal hyperplasia, atherosclerosis, and upregulated in the(More)
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