Kristoffer Illergård

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Protein structures change during evolution in response to mutations. Here, we analyze the mapping between sequence and structure in a set of structurally aligned protein domains. To avoid artifacts, we restricted our attention only to the core components of these structures. We found that on average, using different measures of structural change, protein(More)
Here, we present a study of polar residues within the membrane core of alpha-helical membrane proteins. As expected, polar residues are less frequent in the membrane than expected. Further, most of these residues are buried within the interior of the protein and are only rarely exposed to lipids. However, the polar groups often border internal water filled(More)
In mammalian cells, most integral membrane proteins are initially inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane by the so-called Sec61 translocon. However, recent predictions suggest that many transmembrane helices (TMHs) in multispanning membrane proteins are not sufficiently hydrophobic to be recognized as such by the translocon. In this study, we have(More)
α-Helical membrane proteins are important for many biological functions. Due to physicochemical constraints, the structures of membrane proteins differ from the structure of soluble proteins. Historically, membrane protein structures were assumed to be more or less two-dimensional, consisting of long, straight, membrane-spanning parallel helices packed(More)
In water-soluble proteins it is energetically favorable to bury hydrophobic residues and to expose polar and charged residues. In contrast to water soluble proteins, transmembrane proteins face three distinct environments; a hydrophobic lipid environment inside the membrane, a hydrophilic water environment outside the membrane and an interface region rich(More)
With the increasing number of available alpha-helical transmembrane (TM) protein structures, the traditional picture of membrane proteins has been challenged. For example, reentrant regions, which enter and exit the membrane at the same side, and interface helices, which lie parallel with the membrane in the membrane-water interface, are common.(More)
While early structural models of helix-bundle integral membrane proteins posited that the transmembrane α-helices [transmembrane helices (TMHs)] were orientated more or less perpendicular to the membrane plane, there is now ample evidence from high-resolution structures that many TMHs have significant tilt angles relative to the membrane. Here, we address(More)
Many proteins can be described as working machines that make sure that everything functions in the cell. Their specific molecular functions are largely dependent on their three-dimensional structures, which in turn are mainly predetermined by their linear sequences of amino acid residues. Therefore, there is a relation between the sequence, structure and(More)
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