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This paper examines the potential effectiveness of the following three precollision system (PCS) algorithms: 1) forward collision warning only; 2) forward collision warning and precrash brake assist; and 3) forward collision warning, precrash brake assist, and autonomous precrash brake. Real-world rear-end crashes were extracted from a nationally(More)
OBJECTIVE Single-vehicle collisions involve only 10 percent of all occupants in crashes in the United States, yet these same crashes account for 31 percent of all fatalities. Along with other vehicle safety advancements, lane departure warning (LDW) systems are being introduced to mitigate the harmful effects of single-vehicle collisions. The objective of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of active safety systems is to prevent or mitigate collisions. A critical component in the design of active safety systems is the identification of the target population for a proposed system. The target population for an active safety system is that set of crashes that a proposed system could prevent or mitigate. Target crashes have(More)
To mitigate the severity of rear-end and other collisions, Pre-Crash Systems (PCS) are being developed. These active safety systems utilize radar and/or video cameras to determine when a frontal crash, such as a front-to-back rear-end collisions, is imminent and can brake autonomously, even with no driver input. Of these PCS features, the effects of(More)
Intersection Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (I-ADAS) are active safety systems that have the potential to help prevent/mitigate crashes and injuries in intersection crashes. I-ADAS may use side-looking sensors, e.g. radar and lidar, in order to detect potential collisions with vehicles from crossing paths. The success of I-ADAS depends on the range and(More)
There are approximately 4,500 traffic fatalities at intersections each year in the U.S. One method for reducing these crashes is through equipping vehicles with Intersection Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (I-ADAS) that can detect and alert the driver of an impending crash. However, the effectiveness of these systems is expected to be highly dependent on(More)
This study presents the estimated safety benefits of an autonomous pre-crash braking system for both the striking vehicle and collision partner, or struck vehicle, in rear-end collisions. Occupants of the striking vehicle in rear-end collisions are expected to benefit from autonomous pre-crash braking. Often overlooked, however, are the safety benefits to(More)
OBJECTIVES The U.S. New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) now tests for forward collision warning (FCW) and lane departure warning (LDW). The design of these warnings differs greatly between vehicles and can result in different real-world field performance in preventing or mitigating the effects of collisions. The objective of this study was to compare the(More)
OBJECTIVE Intersection crashes account for over 4,500 fatalities in the United States each year. Intersection Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (I-ADAS) are emerging vehicle-based active safety systems that have the potential to help drivers safely navigate across intersections and prevent intersection crashes and injuries. The performance of an I-ADAS is(More)
Automated Crash Notification (ACN) algorithms utilize telemetric data from vehicles involved in collisions to notify the appropriate emergency services with the aim to elicit the appropriate medical response. One vital piece of telemetric data is the Principal Direction of Force (PDOF) of the collision, which can be determined from data stored in the Event(More)