Kristof Plankensteiner

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Mutual catalytic effects within the Salt-Induced Peptide Formation (SIPF) Reaction might be one little puzzle piece in the complicated process of the formation of complex peptidic systems and their chemical evolution on the prebiotic earth. The catalytic effects of glycine and diglycine on the formation of dipeptides from mixed amino acid systems in the(More)
For more than 50 years scientists who study prebiotic chemistry have been dealing with chemical evolution as it could have possibly taken place on the primordial Earth. Since we will never know what processes have really taken place around 3.8 to 4 billion years ago we can only come up with plausible reaction pathways that work well in an early Earth(More)
“Mutual” amino acid catalysis of glycine on the formation of ditryptophan, dilysine, and diserine in the prebiotically relevant Salt-Induced Peptide Formation (SIPF) Reaction was investigated varying the starting concentration and chirality of the educt amino acid, and analyzing the increase of yield resulting from this catalytic effect. Our results show(More)
Structural and dynamical properties of the Cr(III) ion in aqueous solution have been investigated using a combined ab initio quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) molecular dynamics simulation. The hydration structure of Cr(III) was determined in terms of radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, and angular distributions. The QM/MM(More)
The catalytic effects of the simple amino acid glycine on the formation of diproline and divaline in the prebiotically relevant salt-induced peptide formation (SIPF) reaction was investigated in systems of different amino acid starting concentrations and using the two enantiomeric forms of the respective amino acid. Results show an improved applicability of(More)
Combined ab initio quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) molecular dynamics simulations, including only the first and the first and second hydration shells in the QM region, were performed for TiIII in aqueous solution. The hydration structure of TiIII is discussed in terms of radial distribution functions, coordination-number distributions and(More)
One of the most unsettled problems of prebiotic evolution and the origin of life is the explanation why one enantiomeric form of biomolecules prevailed. In the experiments presented in this paper, the influence of L-histidine on the peptide formation in the Salt-Induced Peptide Formation (SIPF) reaction of the enantiomeric forms of valine, proline, serine,(More)
All living organisms on earth are almost totally made up of biomolecules of only one chiral form. For example, proteins are built almost exclusively of L-amino acids, and sugars are composed of D-saccharides, a fact that is usually referred to as biohomochirality. Its origin is the center of numerous investigations and theories but is not really elucidated(More)
To re-enact the long way to the origin of life with today's chemical methods, many steps have to be investigated in the light of a primordial scenario deduced from geochemical research. After the formation of our planet and its atmosphere, prebiotic chemical evolution started its course with the formation of the first building blocks for the formation of(More)
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