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BACKGROUND Several studies suggest that patients with late-onset major depression (MD) have an increased load of cerebral white-matter lesions (WMLs) compared with age-matched controls. Vascular risk factors such as hypertension and smoking may confound such findings. Our aim was to investigate the association between the localization and load of WMLs in(More)
Recent cerebral blood flow (CBF) and glucose consumption (CMRglc) studies of Parkinson’s disease (PD) revealed conflicting results. Using simulated data, we previously demonstrated that the often-reported subcortical hypermetabolism in PD could be explained as an artifact of biased global mean (GM) normalization, and that low-magnitude, extensive cortical(More)
INTRODUCTION In positron emission tomography (PET) studies of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism, the large interindividual variation commonly is minimized by normalization to the global mean prior to statistical analysis. This approach requires that no between-group or between-state differences exist in the normalization region. Given the variability(More)
Cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption (CMRO(2)), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) are important indices of healthy aging of the brain. Although a frequent topic of study, changes of CBF and CMRO(2) during normal aging are still controversial, as some authors find decreases of both CBF and CMRO(2) but increased OEF,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lesion volume measured on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly used as an outcome parameter in clinical stroke trials. However, few studies have evaluated the optimal sequence choice and the interrater reliability of this outcome measure. The objective of this study was to quantify the geometric interrater agreement(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous administration of alteplase is the only approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Despite the effectiveness of this treatment, 50% of patients suffer chronic neurological disability, which may in part be caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury. Remote ischemic perconditioning, performed as a transient ischemic stimulus by(More)
The pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia is traditionally understood in relation to reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF). However, a recent reanalysis of the flow-diffusion equation shows that increased capillary transit time heterogeneity (CTTH) can reduce the oxygen extraction efficacy in brain tissue for a given CBF. Changes in capillary morphology(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been hypothesized that algorithms predicting the final outcome in acute ischemic stroke may provide future tools for identifying salvageable tissue and hence guide individualized therapy. We developed means of quantifying predictive model performance to identify model training strategies that optimize performance and reduce(More)
BACKGROUND The regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to propofol and indomethacin may be abnormal in patients with brain tumors. First, the authors tested the hypothesis that during propofol anesthesia alone and combined with indomethacin, changes in CBF, cerebral blood volume (CBV), and plasma mean transit time (MTT) differ in the peritumoral tissue(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Multimodal MRI provides powerful tools to study acute stroke pathophysiology and to guide stroke therapy. In particular, the perfusion-diffusion mismatch has been hypothesized as a target for treatment beyond the 3 h time window. Studies of infarct progression and of tissue oxygen metabolism suggest that infarct risk is extremely(More)