Kristine Misund

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Multiple myeloma is a hematological cancer that is considered incurable despite advances in treatment strategy during the last decade. Therapies targeting single pathways are unlikely to succeed due to the heterogeneous nature of the malignancy. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a multifunctional protein essential for DNA replication and repair(More)
Many oncogenic signals originate from abnormal protein-protein interactions that are potential targets for small molecule inhibitors. However, the therapeutic disruption of these interactions has proved elusive. We report here that the naturally-occurring triterpenoid celastrol is an inhibitor of the c-Myc (Myc) oncoprotein, which is over-expressed in many(More)
Inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER) splice variants are generated upon activation of an alternative, intronic promoter within the CREM gene. ICER is proposed to downregulate both its own expression, and the expression of other genes, containing cAMP-responsive promoter elements. To examine the biological function of the two ICER splice variants, I and(More)
The gastric hormone gastrin and its precursors promote proliferation in several gastrointestinal cell types. Here we show that gastrin induces transcription of cell cycle gene cyclin D1 and protooncogene c-fos in the neuroendocrine pancreatic cell line AR42J and that this gastrin response is inhibited by endogenous inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER). The(More)
There is a continuous search for new therapeutic targets for treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Here we investigated the mechanisms involved in cAMP-induced apoptosis of human MM cells. cAMP-increasing agents rapidly inhibited activation of JAK1 and its substrate STAT3. In line with STAT3 being a regulator of Mcl-1 transcription, the expression of this(More)
Stromal-derived factor (SDF)-1α, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are potent mediators of cell migration. We studied the effect of combinations of these cytokines on the migration of myeloma cells. When SDF-1α was combined with either HGF or IGF-1, we found a striking synergy in the cytokines' ability to guide cells(More)
How cells decipher the duration of an external signal into different transcriptional outcomes is poorly understood. The hormone gastrin can promote a variety of cellular responses including proliferation, differentiation, migration and anti-apoptosis. While gastrin in normal concentrations has important physiological functions in the gastrointestine,(More)
Accumulation and aggregation of misfolded proteins is a hallmark of several diseases collectively known as proteinopathies. Autophagy has a cytoprotective role in diseases associated with protein aggregates. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common neurodegenerative eye disease that evokes blindness in elderly. AMD is characterized by(More)
The tumor microenvironment can profoundly affect tumor cell survival as well as alter antitumor drug activity. However, conventional anticancer drug screening typically is performed in the absence of stromal cells. Here, we analyzed survival of myeloma cells co-cultured with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) using an automated fluorescence microscope(More)
In multiple myeloma, elevated MYC expression is related to disease initiation and progression. We found that in myeloma cell lines, MYC gene amplifications were common and correlated with MYC mRNA and protein. In primary cell samples MYC mRNA levels were also relatively high; however gene copy number alterations were uncommon. Elevated levels of MYC in(More)