Kristine E. Kamm

Learn More
Repetitive stimulation potentiates contractile tension of fast-twitch skeletal muscle. We examined the role of myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation in this physiological response by ablating Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) gene expression. Western blot and quantitative-PCR showed that MLCK is(More)
Little progress has been made toward the use of embryonic stem (ES) cells to study and isolate skeletal muscle progenitors. This is due to the paucity of paraxial mesoderm formation during embryoid body (EB) in vitro differentiation and to the lack of reliable identification and isolation criteria for skeletal muscle precursors. Here we show that expression(More)
Phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain of myosin by the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent myosin light chain kinase plays an important role in smooth muscle contraction, nonmuscle cell shape changes, platelet contraction, secretion, and other cellular processes. Smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase is also phosphorylated, and recent results from(More)
Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) is phosphorylated in contracting smooth muscle. The rate of phosphorylation of MLCK is slower than the rates of increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations and phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain of myosin in intact tracheal smooth muscle cells in culture. In permeable cells, increasing the Ca2+ concentration(More)
The time course of phosphorylation of the 20,000-dalton myosin light chain (LC 20) was determined during contraction and relaxation in K+- and histamine-stimulated medial strips of swine carotid arteries. Resting LC 20 phosphorylation levels of 0.15 mol P/mol LC 20 rapidly increased to peak values of 0.6-0.7 mol P/mol LC 20 after stimulation and then(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) from Ca(2+)-dependent neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in skeletal muscle fibers may modulate vascular tone by a cGMP-dependent pathway similar to NO derived from NOS in endothelial cells (eNOS). In isolated fast-twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from control mice, cGMP formation increased approximately 166% with(More)
Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) initiates smooth muscle contraction and regulates actomyosin-based cytoskeletal functions in nonmuscle cells. The net extent of RLC phosphorylation is controlled by MLCK activity relative to myosin light chain phosphatase activity. We(More)
Repetitive low frequency stimulation results in potentiation of twitch force development in fast-twitch skeletal muscle due to myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation by Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (skMLCK). We generated transgenic mice that express an skMLCK CaM biosensor in skeletal muscle to(More)