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Repetitive stimulation potentiates contractile tension of fast-twitch skeletal muscle. We examined the role of myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation in this physiological response by ablating Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) gene expression. Western blot and quantitative-PCR showed that MLCK is(More)
The time course of phosphorylation of the 20,000-dalton myosin light chain (LC 20) was determined during contraction and relaxation in K+- and histamine-stimulated medial strips of swine carotid arteries. Resting LC 20 phosphorylation levels of 0.15 mol P/mol LC 20 rapidly increased to peak values of 0.6-0.7 mol P/mol LC 20 after stimulation and then(More)
Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) is phosphorylated in contracting smooth muscle. The rate of phosphorylation of MLCK is slower than the rates of increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations and phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain of myosin in intact tracheal smooth muscle cells in culture. In permeable cells, increasing the Ca2+ concentration(More)
Excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling and Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release in smooth and cardiac muscles is mediated by the L-type Ca(2+) channel isoform Ca(v)1.2 and the ryanodine receptor isoform RyR2. Although physical coupling between Ca(v)1.1 and RyR1 in skeletal muscle is well established, it is generally assumed that Ca(v)1.2 and RyR2 do not directly(More)
Repetitive low frequency stimulation results in potentiation of twitch force development in fast-twitch skeletal muscle due to myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation by Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (skMLCK). We generated transgenic mice that express an skMLCK CaM biosensor in skeletal muscle to(More)
Phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain of myosin by the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent myosin light chain kinase plays an important role in smooth muscle contraction, nonmuscle cell shape changes, platelet contraction, secretion, and other cellular processes. Smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase is also phosphorylated, and recent results from(More)
Mutations in smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific isoforms of α-actin and β-myosin heavy chain, two major components of the SMC contractile unit, cause familial thoracic aortic aneurysms leading to acute aortic dissections (FTAAD). To investigate whether mutations in the kinase that controls SMC contractile function (myosin light chain kinase [MYLK]) cause(More)