Kristine C. Y. McGrath

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Cardiovascular disease is a major complication of diabetes mellitus, especially for patients with diabetic nephropathy. The underlying factor or pathogenic mechanism that links diabetic nephropathy with cardiovascular disease is not known. The endothelial cell adhesion molecules, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 or vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, play a(More)
Anti-convulsant treatment is associated with a high prevalence of reproductive dysfunction compared with age-matched non-epileptics. We examined the widely used anti-convulsants valproate (VPA) and carbamazepine (CBZ) for steroidal bioactivity using a yeast-based steroid receptor-beta-galactosidase reporter assay for the androgen receptor (AR), progesterone(More)
The effect of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on the fibrinolytic system of human microvascular and macrovascular endothelial cells in culture was studied. Only foreskin microvascular endothelial cells (EC) responded to IL-4 treatment with a dose- and time-dependent increase in urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) (control: 3.0 +/- 0.8 ng/10(5) cells/24 h; 200(More)
HGF is a powerful mitogen for both rat and human hepatocytes, epithelial cells and endothelial cells in vitro, and is angiogenic in vivo. It has considerable homology with plasminogen and has been shown to upregulate urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) in endothelial cells as well as u-PA and its receptor in kidney epithelial cells. In this study,(More)
OBJECTIVES Maternal obesity imposes significant health risks in the offspring including diabetes and dyslipidemia. We previously showed that the hypoglycaemic agent exendin-4 (Ex-4) administered from weaning can reverse the maternal impact of 'transmitted disorders' in such offspring. However daily injection for six-weeks was required and the beneficial(More)
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