Kristine A. Justus

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Dynamic properties of pheromone plumes are behaviorally important in some moths for inducing upwind flight, but little is known about the time-dependent properties of odor transduction or the mechanisms that limit receptor dynamic sensitivity. We stimulated male antennae of two moth species, Cadra cautella and Spodoptera exigua, with pheromone plumes in a(More)
BACKGROUND Patients diagnosed with metastatic cancer have almost uniformly poor prognoses. The treatments available for patients with disseminated disease are usually not curative and have side effects that limit the therapy that can be given. A treatment that is selectively toxic to tumors would maximize the beneficial effects of therapy and minimize side(More)
There is currently a debate about the role played by temporal patterns in neural activity in olfactory coding. An accurate analysis of this question, however, is only possible if the temporal properties of a stimulus itself are well defined. So far, no technique with sufficient temporal resolution has been available to accomplish this. Using a(More)
Trains of 20-ms-duration pulses of pheromone were delivered at rates of 1-33 Hz to antennal preparations of males of Bombyx mori and Lymantria dispar, two moth species with bipectinate antennae. Resolution of rapidly pulsed plumes of pheromone was not compromised by a complex antennal morphology or by moderate changes in wind speed (25-50 cm/s). Fourier(More)
AlthoughPlutella xylostella (L.) is a worldwide pest of cruciferous crops, relatively little is known about its oviposition behaviour. This study was undertaken to provide necessary information about mechanisms involved inP. xylostella host selection. Four oviposition behaviours were described. Moths were given artificial substrates treated with water,(More)
Three approaches were used to investigate effects of host plant epicuticular waxes on oviposition site selection by Plutella xylostella (L.). In the first approach, oviposition on canola (Brassica napus L.) that had epicuticular wax reduced by application of a carbamate herbicide (S-ethyl dipropylthiocarbamate) was compared with oviposition on untreated(More)
OBJECTIVE To prepare oncology, genetics and molecular medicine professionals for basic, translational and epidemiological cancer genetics research through advanced training in a novel specialized cancer genetics career development program (CGCDP). METHODS Established in 2001, the City of Hope CGCDP is the only program in the NCI R25T portfolio focused on(More)
It is thought that orientation by male moths along pheromone plumes is guided by interception of filaments of pheromone along that plume and that clean air gaps are required for upwind progress. Given that several investigations have determined that cells sensitive to pheromone can resolve only low rates of encounter with pheromone filaments, generally less(More)
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