Kristina Najjar

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AIMS Obesity is associated with insulin resistance, liver steatosis and low-grade inflammation. The role of oestrogen in sex differences in the above co-morbidities is not fully understood. Our aim was to assess the role oestrogen has in modulating adipocyte size, adipose tissue oxidative stress, inflammation, insulin resistance and liver steatosis. (More)
Two mutations in the beta-globin poly(A) signal were identified in Israeli patients with beta +-thalassemia by sequence analysis following PCR. One is a point mutation (AATAAA----AATAAG) and the other is a 5-base-pair deletion (AATAAA----A----). The mutant genes were used to investigate the function of the poly(A) signal in vivo and to evaluate the(More)
A small scale screening study for beta-thalassaemia trait has been carried out in the Gaza Strip, involving 1650 secondary schools healthy students, 16-18 years old and from both sexes. The results showed that the overall prevalence in the Gaza Strip of beta-thalassaemia was 4.3%. The frequency of beta-thalassaemia trait in the microcytic (defined as MCV <(More)
We report that a tetramethylrhodamine-labeled dimer of the cell-penetrating peptide TAT, dfTAT, penetrates live cells by escaping from endosomes with high efficiency. By mediating endosomal leakage, dfTAT also delivers proteins into cultured cells after a simple co-incubation procedure. We achieved cytosolic delivery in several cell lines and primary cells(More)
Endosomal entrapment is a severely limiting bottleneck in the delivery of biologics into cells. The compound dfTAT was recently found to circumvent this problem by mediating endosomal leakage efficiently and without toxicity. Herein, we report on the mechanism of endosomal escape of this cell-penetrating peptide. By modulating the trafficking of the peptide(More)
Drosophila melanogaster has proven to be a useful model system for the genetic analysis of ethanol-associated behaviors. However, past studies have focused on the response of the adult fly to large, and often sedating, doses of ethanol. The pharmacological effects of low and moderate quantities of ethanol have remained understudied. In this study, we tested(More)
Arginine-rich peptides can penetrate cells and consequently be used as delivery agents in various cellular applications. The activity of these reagents is often context-dependent, and the parameters that impact cell entry are not fully understood, giving rise to variability and limiting progress toward their usage. Herein, we report that the cytosolic(More)
Macromolecular delivery strategies typically utilize the endocytic pathway as a route of cellular entry. However, endosomal entrapment severely limits the efficiency with which macromolecules penetrate the cytosolic space of cells. Recently, we have circumvented this problem by identifying the reagent dfTAT, a disulfide bond dimer of the peptide TAT labeled(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are well established as delivery agents for otherwise cell-impermeable cargos. CPPs can also theoretically be used to modulate intracellular processes. However, their susceptibility to proteolytic degradation often limits their utility in these applications. Previous studies have explored the consequences for cellular uptake(More)