Kristina Luthman

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This study is focused on the identification of structural features that determine the selectivity of dopamine receptor agonists toward D(1) and D(2) receptors. Selective pharmacophore models were developed for both receptors. The models were built by using projected pharmacophoric features that represent the main agonist interaction sites in the receptor(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether easily and rapidly calculated 2D and 3D molecular descriptors could predict the melting point of drug-like compounds, to allow a melting point classification of solid drugs. The melting points for 277 structurally diverse model drugs were extracted from the 12th edition of the Merck Index. 2D descriptors(More)
AIMS The stimulatory, rewarding, and dopamine (DA)-enhancing effects of ethanol may involve central nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), especially those located in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Identifying the subunit composition that mediates these effects of ethanol would increase the understanding of the neurochemical basis underlying the(More)
The relationship between various molecular descriptors and transport of drugs across the intestinal epithelium was evaluated. The monolayer permeability (Pc) of human intestinal Caco-2 cells to a series of nine beta-receptor-blocking agents was investigated in vitro. The dynamic polar molecular surface area (PSAd) of the compounds was calculated from all(More)
A combined modeling approach was used to identify structural factors that underlie the structure-activity relationships (SARs) of full dopamine D₂ receptor agonists and structurally similar inactive compounds. A 3D structural model of the dopamine D₂ receptor was constructed, with the agonist (-)-(R)-2-OH-NPA present in the binding site during the modeling(More)
In this study, a set of strategies for structure-based design using GRID molecular interaction fields (MIFs) to derive a pharmacophoric representation of a protein is reported. Thrombin, one of the key enzymes involved in the blood coagulation cascade, was chosen as the model system since abundant published experimental data are available related to both(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ionization on drug transport across the intestinal epithelium in order to include this effect in structure-absorption relationships. The pH-dependent permeation of one rapidly (alfentanil) and one slowly (cimetidine) transported basic model drug across Caco-2 cell monolayers was investigated. Both drugs(More)
The aim of this study was to develop in silico protocols for the prediction of aqueous drug solubility. For this purpose, high quality solubility data of 85 drug-like compounds covering the total drug-like space as identified with the ChemGPS methodology were used. Two-dimensional molecular descriptors describing electron distribution, lipophilicity,(More)
A series of substituted chromone/chroman-4-one derivatives has been synthesized and evaluated as novel inhibitors of SIRT2, an enzyme involved in aging-related diseases, e.g., neurodegenerative disorders. The analogues were efficiently synthesized in a one-step procedure including a base-mediated aldol condensation using microwave irradiation. The most(More)
Prediction of 3D structures of membrane proteins, and of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) in particular, is motivated by their importance in biological systems and the difficulties associated with experimental structure determination. In the present study, a novel method for the prediction of 3D structures of the membrane-embedded region of helical(More)