Kristina Luthman

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This review examines the use of Caco-2 monolayers in the prediction of intestinal drug absorption. First, the different routes of drug transport in Caco-2 monolayers are compared with those seen in vivo. Second, the prediction of drug absorption in vivo from transport experiments in cell monolayers is discussed for different classes of drugs. Finally, the(More)
Purpose. A theoretical method has been devised for prediction of drug absorption after oral administration to humans. Methods. Twenty structurally diverse model drugs, ranging from 0.3 to 100% absorbed, were investigated. The compounds also displayed diversity in physicochemical properties such as lipophilicity, hydrogen bonding potential and molecular(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether easily calculated and comprehended molecular surface properties can predict drug solubility and permeability with sufficient accuracy to allow theoretical absorption classification of drug molecules. For this purpose, structurally diverse, orally administered model drugs were selected from the World Health(More)
The correlation between dynamic surface properties of drug molecules and drug absorption in two common in vitro models of the intestinal wall (Caco-2 monolayers and rat intestinal segments) has been investigated. A homologous series of beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists were used as model compounds. Dynamic molecular surface properties, considering all(More)
The aim of this study was to devise experimental protocols and computational models for the prediction of intestinal drug permeability. Both the required experimental and computational effort and the accuracy and quality of the resulting predictions were considered. In vitro intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayer permeabilities were determined both in a highly(More)
Contact allergy is caused by a wide range of chemicals after skin contact. Its clinical manifestation, allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), is developed upon repeated contact with the allergen. This perspective focuses on two areas that have yielded new useful information during the last 20 years: (i) structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of contact(More)
Lead compounds generated in high throughput drug discovery programmes often have unfavorable biopharmaceutical properties, resulting in a low success rate of such drug candidates in clinical development. Drug companies and researchers would thus like to have methods of predicting biopharmaceutical properties accurately. The intestinal permeability to a lead(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether easily and rapidly calculated 2D and 3D molecular descriptors could predict the melting point of drug-like compounds, to allow a melting point classification of solid drugs. The melting points for 277 structurally diverse model drugs were extracted from the 12th edition of the Merck Index. 2D descriptors(More)
Purpose. To devise experimental and computational models to predict aqueous drug solubility. Methods. A simple and reliable modification of the shake flask method to a small-scale format was devised, and the intrinsic solubilities of 17 structurally diverse drugs were determined. The experimental solubility data were used to investigate the accuracy of(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a novel predictive medium-throughput screening method for drug permeability, with use of a tight barrier of liposomes on a filter support. To our knowledge no one has succeeded in depositing membrane barriers without the use of an inert solvent such as hexadecane. The first part of the study involved development of a(More)