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Uneven blastomere cleavage in human embryos of 'good morphology', i.e. those normally used for transfer, is a phenomenon which has been poorly investigated. The main objective in this study was to probe deeper into the aetiology behind previous findings that embryos with uneven cell cleavage have a lower developmental capacity in comparison with evenly(More)
The functional role of the GGN repeat in the human androgen receptor gene is unknown, although mutations in this region have been found in patients with inter-sex conditions. We have investigated the prevalence of GGN mutations in the androgen receptor in the Swedish population and their relation to male reproductive function. A physical examination and(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced maternal age (AMA) is an important parameter that negatively influences the clinical pregnancy rate in IVF, in particular owing to the increased embryo aneuploidy rate. It has thus been suggested that only transferring euploid embryos in this patient group would improve the pregnancy rate. The purpose of this study was to test whether(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital malformations in a complete cohort of children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The medical records were retrieved for 1139 infants, 736 singletons, 200 sets of twins and one set of triplets. The total number of infants with an identified anomaly was 87 (7.6%), 40 of which(More)
BACKGROUND The androgen receptor (AR) is frequently expressed in breast cancers. The AR genotype may affect disease-free survival and response to endocrine therapy. METHODS In all, 634 women undergoing breast cancer surgery between 2002 and 2008 were followed until 30 June 2010. Six haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the AR, and the(More)
Superior androgen receptor (AR) function in subjects carrying a GGN repeat length of 23 (GGN23) has been indicated in vivo. Therefore, the activity of the AR carrying GGN23 combined with CAG22 was compared to the AR with GGN10, 24 and 27, respectively, in the presence of 0.1-100 nM testosterone or DHT. At 100 nM DHT, GGN24 showed 35% lower transactivating(More)
BACKGROUND Testicular cancer (TC) patients have a high survival rate, and the question of post-therapy recovery of sperm production and its dependence on genetic predisposition is of major interest. METHODS Ejaculates were obtained from 112 TC patients at one or more of the following time points: post-orchidectomy, or 6, 12, 24, 36 and 60 months(More)
When performing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on human oocytes, the injection is traditionally made at the 3 o'clock position, with the first polar body (PB) at the 12 or 6 o'clock position. This has been based on the assumption that the second meiotic metaphase II (MII) spindle lies in close proximity to the first PB. The objective of this study(More)
BACKGROUND There is a growing awareness of potential problems in exposing sperm to polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) to slow their motility, a procedure commonly used prior to ICSI. The study presented here evaluates an alternative product for slowing sperm motility, which contains hyaluronate, a substance found naturally in the reproductive tract. METHODS(More)
Various procedures for sperm recovery in azoospermic men have been described, from open testicular biopsy to simple needle aspiration from the epididymis and the testis. Fifty-one obstructive and 86 non-obstructive azoospermic men were treated to compare the recovery of spermatozoa obtained by percutaneous aspiration from the epididymis (PESA) and(More)