Kristina Lorenzen

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Traditionally, mass spectrometry has been a powerful analytical method enabling the structural analysis of small molecules, and later on peptides and proteins. With the advent of native mass spectrometry, using a combination of electrospray ionisation and time of flight analysis, mass spectrometry could also be applied to the mass determination of large(More)
Cell growth is regulated during RNA polymerase (Pol) I transcription initiation by the conserved factor Rrn3/TIF-IA in yeast/humans. Here we provide a structure-function analysis of Rrn3 based on a combination of structural biology with in vivo and in vitro functional assays. The Rrn3 crystal structure reveals a unique HEAT repeat fold and a surface serine(More)
We modified and optimized a first generation quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) 1 to perform tandem mass spectrometry on macromolecular protein complexes. The modified instrument allows isolation and subsequent dissociation of high-mass protein complexes through collisions with argon molecules. The modifications of the Q-TOF 1 include the introduction of (1)(More)
Mediator is the central coactivator complex required for regulated transcription by RNA polymerase (Pol) II. Mediator consists of 25 subunits arranged in the head, middle, tail and kinase modules. Structural and functional studies of Mediator are limited by the availability of protocols for the preparation of recombinant modules. Here, we describe protocols(More)
The eukaryotic RNA polymerases Pol I, II, and III use different promoters to transcribe different classes of genes. Promoter usage relies on initiation factors, including TFIIF and TFIIE, in the case of Pol II. Here, we show that the Pol I-specific subunits A49 and A34.5 form a subcomplex that binds DNA and is related to TFIIF and TFIIE. The N-terminal(More)
BRCC36 is a Zn(2+)-dependent deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) that hydrolyzes lysine-63-linked ubiquitin chains as part of distinct macromolecular complexes that participate in either interferon signaling or DNA-damage recognition. The MPN(+) domain protein BRCC36 associates with pseudo DUB MPN(-) proteins KIAA0157 or Abraxas, which are essential for BRCC36(More)
The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a rapid assay for genotyping of CYP1B1 codon 432-polymorphism. The described method is a single tube assay and combines both rapid-cycle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with real-time monitoring by amplification and generation of the melting profiles of an allele-specific fluorescent probe. With this(More)
RNA polymerases (Pol) II and III synthesize eukaryotic mRNAs and tRNAs, respectively. The crystal structure of the 12 subunit Pol II is known, but only limited structural information is available for the 17 subunit Pol III. Using mass spectrometry (MS), we correlated masses of Pol II complexes with the Pol II structure. Analysis of Pol III showed that the(More)
The HflX-family is a widely distributed but poorly characterized family of translation factor-related guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) that interact with the large ribosomal subunit. This study describes the crystal structure of HflX from Sulfolobus solfataricus solved to 2.0-A resolution in apo- and GDP-bound forms. The enzyme displays a two-domain(More)
Native mass spectrometry (native MS) gives information about the composition, topological arrangements, dynamics, and structural properties of protein complexes. The mass range is principally unlimited and highly dynamic, allowing the detection of small subunits and large complexes within the same measurement. The amount of protein needed for an analysis(More)