Kristina L. Grabbe

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INTRODUCTION This study compares client volume, demographics, testing results, and costs of 3 "mobile" HIV counseling and testing (HCT) approaches with existing "stand-alone" HCT in Kenya. A retrospective cohort of 62,173 individuals receiving HCT between May 2005 and April 2006 was analyzed. Mobile HCT approaches assessed were community-site mobile HCT,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the contribution of provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) to achieving universal testing of pregnant women and, from available data on components of PITC, assess whether PITC adoption adheres to pre-test information, post-test counselling procedures and linkage to treatment. METHODS Systematic review of published(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe recent changes in policy on provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in African countries and to investigate patients' experiences of and views about PITC. METHODS A review of the published literature and of national HIV testing policies, strategic frameworks, plans and other(More)
OBJECTIVE The unique needs of sero-discordant couples are largely missing from many current family planning efforts, which focus on the prevention of pregnancies in absence of the reduction of the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Conversely, HIV testing and programs focus exclusively on condom use(More)
The African couples HIV testing and counseling (CHTC) model, which focuses on heterosexual couples, was adapted for same-sex male couples in the US. This paper presents the results of a follow-up survey conducted with representatives of the agencies that received CHTC training. The paper aims to understand the post-training implementation and identify(More)
BACKGROUND Little is currently known about the extent to which US MSM understand the possibility that a long-term sex partner can have an HIV status different than one's own status. This information is important in the adaptation of Couples Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing (CVCT) for US MSM. METHODS 428 US MSM completed an online survey using(More)
The formation of phenolase and the influence of phenols on metabolism were investigated with different strains of Polystictus versicolor. 1. In the presence of carbon sources which like glucose can easily be metabolized, the formation of laccase was repressed. In the beginning of autolytic processes, caused by the lack of nutrient, the laccase formation was(More)
To respond to the need for new HIV prevention services for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States, and to respond to new data on the key role of main partnerships in US MSM epidemics, we sought to develop a new service for joint HIV testing of male couples. We used the ADAPT-ITT framework to guide our work. From May 2009 to July 2013, a(More)
DESPITE MODEST PREVENTION SUCCESSES, 2.7 MILLION new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections occurred worldwide in 2008 and there were at least 2 million HIV-associated deaths. Nearly 3 million persons in sub-Saharan Africa are now taking antiretroviral therapy (ART)—an impressive accomplishment. The urgency of sustaining treatment for these patients,(More)
Thirty years after the beginning of the HIV epidemic, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively called MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of HIV in the United States and continue to acquire a distressingly high number and proportion of new infections. Historically, HIV prevention for MSM has been focused on individual-level behavior(More)