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In recent years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have become a truly global challenge. In addition to the long-known healthcare-associated clones, novel strains have also emerged outside of the hospital settings, in the community as well as in livestock. The emergence and spread of virulent clones expressing Panton-Valentine leukocidin(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were (i) to detect extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes among 1378 Escherichia coli isolates from defined disease conditions of companion and farm animals and (ii) to determine the localization and organization of ESBL genes. METHODS E. coli isolates from the German resistance monitoring programme GERM-Vet were(More)
OBJECTIVES Twenty-five MRSA ST398 isolates from cases of bovine clinical mastitis and two isolates from farm personnel collected from 17 dairy farms in Germany were investigated for genetic relatedness, antimicrobial resistance and virulence properties. METHODS Genomic relationships were determined by ApaI PFGE, spa typing, SCCmec typing and dru typing.(More)
OBJECTIVES During recent years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains from animals have become the focus of various studies. In the present study, coagulase-positive staphylococci obtained from pigs, dogs and cats suffering from acute infections, which had been collected in the BfT-GermVet monitoring programme in Germany and(More)
OBJECTIVES In the BfT-GermVet monitoring study, 417 Escherichia coli isolates collected during 2004-06 in Germany from various disease conditions of pigs (n = 87), horses (n = 102) or cats/dogs (n = 228) were investigated for their susceptibility to 24 antimicrobial agents. This study dealt with the identification of integron-associated resistance genes(More)
No effective drug for decreasing ethanol intake is available for clinical use. Our previous studies showed that zimeldine decreased ethanol intake in rats and nondepressed alcohol abusers. However, zimeldine was withdrawn from the market because of serious toxicity. We tested citalopram, a selective serotonin uptake inhibitor, in 39 male nondepressed(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the first integrative and conjugative element (ICE) from Mannheimia haemolytica, the major bacterial component of the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. METHODS The novel ICEMh1 was discovered in the whole-genome sequence of M. haemolytica 42548 by sequence analysis and comparative(More)
BACKGROUND Although antimicrobial resistance and persistence of resistant bacteria in humans and animals are major health concerns worldwide, the impact of antimicrobial resistance on bacterial intestinal colonization in healthy domestic animals has only been rarely studied. We carried out a retrospective analysis of the antimicrobial susceptibility status(More)
OBJECTIVES Fifty-four methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST398 isolates from unrelated diseased swine collected all over Germany were comparatively investigated for their antimicrobial resistance and virulence properties, and for their genomic relatedness. METHODS MICs of 30 antimicrobial agents were determined by broth microdilution.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the phenotypic and genotypic resistance profiles of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) and to examine the clonal distribution in Europe and North America. METHODS A total of 103 MRSP isolates from dogs isolated from several countries in Europe, the USA and Canada were(More)