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In recent years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have become a truly global challenge. In addition to the long-known healthcare-associated clones, novel strains have also emerged outside of the hospital settings, in the community as well as in livestock. The emergence and spread of virulent clones expressing Panton-Valentine leukocidin(More)
OBJECTIVES During recent years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains from animals have become the focus of various studies. In the present study, coagulase-positive staphylococci obtained from pigs, dogs and cats suffering from acute infections, which had been collected in the BfT-GermVet monitoring programme in Germany and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were (i) to detect extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes among 1378 Escherichia coli isolates from defined disease conditions of companion and farm animals and (ii) to determine the localization and organization of ESBL genes. METHODS E. coli isolates from the German resistance monitoring programme GERM-Vet were(More)
OBJECTIVES Twenty-five MRSA ST398 isolates from cases of bovine clinical mastitis and two isolates from farm personnel collected from 17 dairy farms in Germany were investigated for genetic relatedness, antimicrobial resistance and virulence properties. METHODS Genomic relationships were determined by ApaI PFGE, spa typing, SCCmec typing and dru typing.(More)
OBJECTIVES This study focused on the correlation between geno- and phenotypic tests in the correct assessment of mecA-mediated methicillin resistance among coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) and the further characterization of mecA-positive isolates. METHODS A total of 121 CoNS from cases of bovine mastitis were investigated for oxacillin(More)
OBJECTIVES In the BfT-GermVet monitoring study, 417 Escherichia coli isolates collected during 2004-06 in Germany from various disease conditions of pigs (n = 87), horses (n = 102) or cats/dogs (n = 228) were investigated for their susceptibility to 24 antimicrobial agents. This study dealt with the identification of integron-associated resistance genes(More)
The trimethoprim resistance gene dfrK has been recently described in Staphylococcus aureus, but so far has not been found in other bacteria. A total of 166 enterococci of different species (E. faecium, E. faecalis, E. hirae, E. durans, E. gallinarum, and E. casseliflavus) and origins (food, clinical diseases in humans, healthy humans or animals, and sewage)(More)
The trimethoprim resistance gene dfrK was found to be part of the novel Tn554-related transposon Tn559 integrated in the chromosomal radC gene of a porcine methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus ST398 strain. While Tn559 and Tn554 had similar arrangements of the transposase genes tnpA, tnpB, and tnpC, the Tn554-associated resistance genes erm(A) and(More)
Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) isolates have been the subject of numerous studies during recent years. The characterization of such isolates has usually also included the determination of their resistance phenotypes and associated resistance genotypes. Analysis of the resistance genes present in LA-MRSA isolates(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the first integrative and conjugative element (ICE) from Mannheimia haemolytica, the major bacterial component of the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. METHODS The novel ICEMh1 was discovered in the whole-genome sequence of M. haemolytica 42548 by sequence analysis and comparative(More)