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In recent years, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have become a truly global challenge. In addition to the long-known healthcare-associated clones, novel strains have also emerged outside of the hospital settings, in the community as well as in livestock. The emergence and spread of virulent clones expressing Panton-Valentine leukocidin(More)
BACKGROUND Although antimicrobial resistance and persistence of resistant bacteria in humans and animals are major health concerns worldwide, the impact of antimicrobial resistance on bacterial intestinal colonization in healthy domestic animals has only been rarely studied. We carried out a retrospective analysis of the antimicrobial susceptibility status(More)
Relapse is a frequent problem for recovered alcoholics since up to 80% do so within 6 months of completing treatment. Although the mechanisms underlying relapse are unknown, several internal and external cues have been associated with it. Desire (or craving) for alcohol is an internal cue which may precipitate relapse and is amenable to physiological and(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen, a relevant pathogen in veterinary medicine, and a major cause of food poisoning. Epidemiological investigation tools are needed to establish surveillance of S. aureus strains in humans, animals and food. In this study, we investigated 145 S. aureus isolates recovered from various animal species, disease(More)
The putative virulence and antimicrobial resistance gene contents of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-positive E. coli (n=629) isolated between 2005 and 2009 from humans, animals and animal food products in Germany, The Netherlands and the UK were compared using a microarray approach to test the suitability of this approach with regard to determining(More)
Serotonin uptake inhibitors have been reported to alter several consummatory and drug self-administration behaviors in rats. These observations suggest important therapeutic applications in humans. While evaluating zimelidine and citalopram effects on ethanol intake, we also assessed smoking behavior. Five male heavy drinkers smoking 29.7 +/- 9.0 (mean +/-(More)
assessment of the risks from illegally imported meat contaminated with foot and mouth disease virus to Great Britain. 3. Brückner GK. Ensuring safe international trade: how are the roles and responsibilities evolving and what will the situation be in ten years' time? Rev Sci Tech. A simple and sensitive method to extract bacterial, yeast and fungal DNA from(More)
Mannheimia haemolytica is the major bacterial component in the bovine respiratory disease complex, which accounts for considerable economic losses to the cattle industry worldwide. The complete genome sequence of M. haemolytica strain 42548 was determined. It has a size of 2.73 Mb and contains 2,888 genes, including several antibiotic resistance genes.
of mechanical recycling processes used to produce polyethylene terephthalate (PET) intended for food contact applications. of benzo[a]pyrene induce metabolic changes and oxidative stress in non-activated and affect the mTOR pathway in activated Jurkat T cells. 2014. Analytically monitored digestion of silver nano-particles and their toxicity on human(More)
This article describes a retrospective study of patient readmissions to a psychiatric unit in a large teaching hospital. A cohort of 150 patients was identified and their demographic and clinical characteristics, their reason for admission, and their rehospitalization patterns examined. Patterns of readmission for the cohort do not suggest a "revolving(More)
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