Kristina K. Hansen

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a major lung pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, secretes an elastolytic metalloproteinase (EPa) contributing to bacterial pathogenicity. Proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2), implicated in the pulmonary innate defense, is activated by the cleavage of its extracellular N-terminal domain, unmasking a new N-terminal sequence(More)
Serine proteinases like thrombin can signal to cells by the cleavage/activation of proteinase-activated receptors (PARs). Although thrombin is a recognized physiological activator of PAR(1) and PAR(4), the endogenous enzymes responsible for activating PAR(2) in settings other than the gastrointestinal system, where trypsin can activate PAR(2), are unknown.(More)
Proteinase-activated receptors (PARs) can activate a number of signalling events, including T-cell signal-transduction pathways. Recent data suggest that the activation of PARs 1, 2 and 3 in Jurkat T-leukaemic cells induces tyrosine phosphorylation of the haematopoietic signal transducer protein, VAV1. To activate the PARs, this study used the agonist(More)
Citrobacter rodentium is a bacterial pathogen that causes a murine infectious colitis equivalent to enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection in humans. Colonic luminal fluid from C. rodentium-infected mice, but not from sham-infected mice, contains active serine proteinases that can activate proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR2). We have identified(More)
Proteinases such as thrombin and trypsin can affect tissues by activating a novel family of G protein-coupled proteinase-activated receptors (PARs 1-4) by exposing a 'tethered' receptor-triggering ligand (TL). Work with synthetic TL-derived PAR peptide sequences (PAR-APs) that stimulate PARs 1, 2 and 4 has shown that PAR activation can play a role in many(More)
Proteinases, such as kallikrein-related peptidases, trypsin and thrombin, can play hormone-like 'messenger roles in vivo. They can regulate cell signaling by cleaving and activating a novel family of G-protein-coupled proteinase-activated receptors (PARs 1-4) by unmasking a tethered receptor-triggering ligand. Short synthetic PAR-derived peptide sequences(More)
We investigated and compared the mechanisms by which two dust mite proteolytic allergens, Der p 1 and Der p 3, and a peptide agonist of proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR(2)AP) trigger interleukin (IL)-8 release from human pulmonary epithelial cells (A549). Although all three stimuli tested induced the up-regulation of IL-8 (mRNA and protein), the Der p(More)
We tested the hypothesis that human tissue kallikreins (hKs) may regulate signal transduction by cleaving and activating proteinase-activated receptors (PARs). We found that hK5, 6 and 14 cleaved PAR N-terminal peptide sequences representing the cleavage/activation motifs of human PAR1 and PAR2 to yield receptor-activating peptides. hK5, 6 and 14 activated(More)
Tryptic cleavage of proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) causes the unmasking of a tethered receptor-activating sequence, S37LIGRLDTP. We sought to determine, in the amino-terminal sequence of the PAR2 tethered ligand, the key amino acid residues that are responsible for receptor activation. Using site-directed mutagenesis, nine PAR2 mutants with alanine(More)
Proteinases like thrombin, trypsin and tissue kallikreins are now known to regulate cell signaling by cleaving and activating a novel family of G-protein-coupled proteinase-activated receptors (PARs 1 to 4) via exposure of a ‘tethered’ receptor-triggering ligand. On their own, short synthetic peptides based on the ‘tethered ligand’ sequences of the PARs(More)