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Extensive information on the greenhouse impacts of various human actions is important in developing effective climate change mitigation strategies. The greenhouse impacts of combustible fuels consist not only of combustion emissions but also of emissions from the fuel production chain and possible effects on the ecosystem carbon storages. It is important to(More)
BACKGROUND Some previous studies have proposed potential explanatory factors for the social gradient in sickness absence. Yet, this research area is still in its infancy and in order to comprise the full range of socioeconomic positions there is a need for studies conducted on random population samples. The main aim of the present study was to investigate(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to learn how women on sickness absence due to work related strain perceive and describe their possibilities and obstacles for returning to work. METHOD The focus group method was used. Five groups were conducted and each group met at one occasion. Twenty women participated in total. RESULTS Three different themes were found. In 'The(More)
BACKGROUND Supervisors' attitudes and measures have been pointed out by employees to influence the return to work process. The purpose of this study was to explore supervisors' views on employer responsibility in the return to work process and factors influencing the support of sick-listed employees. METHOD The focus group method was used. Six groups were(More)
AIMS To estimate harmful alcohol habits in a sample of incident sick-listed individuals compared with a random sample from the general population taking social background, health and work-related factors into account. METHODS Data for this cross-sectional questionnaire study were collected in 2008 in the Västra Götaland region, Sweden. The study(More)
BACKGROUND Women report more occupational ill-health and are more sick-listed than men. Exploration of women's working conditions would therefore seem to be valuable. In this study we investigated the prevalence of work-related stress and its association with self-perceived health and sick-leave in a population of employed, working Swedish women. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between organizational climate and work commitment, and sickness absence in a general population of workers and consecutively selected employed sick-listed. METHODS Questionnaire data used in this cross-sectional study consisted of two cohorts: (1) randomly selected individuals in a general working population(More)
PURPOSE To develop a self-administered questionnaire assessing work-related stress in women, aiming to identify individuals that risk long-term sick leave, and to evaluate the reliability of the questionnaire. METHOD The study was carried out in two phases. The initial phase was to construct the questionnaire and to confirm its face validity. The second(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the reasons for the social gradient in sickness absence might provide an opportunity to reduce the general rates of sickness absence. The complete explanation for this social gradient still remains unclear and there is a need for studies using randomized working population samples. The main aim of the present study was to(More)