Kristina Friedrichs

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Fibrous dusts (chrysotile, glass fibers, nemalite, palygorscite, and gypsum) and granular dusts (actinolite, biotite, hematite, pectolite, sanidine, and talcum) were injected intraperitoneally into rats. The fibrous dusts (other than gypsum) resulted in a high incidence of mesothelioma (30 - 67%). Gypsum produced only 5% and granular dusts none at all. It(More)
The fact that allergic diseases increase in prevalence is a generally accepted and worldwide phenomenon. The causes for this increase are not known: only hypothetical concepts exist. Epidemiological studies comparing Eastern and Western European populations have shown a striking difference in the prevalence of respiratory atopic diseases, which is lower in(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) provides a simple method of sampling inhaled particles deposited in the lower respiratory tract. We hypothesized that BAL could be used to measure the quantity and quality of lung asbestos burden. This would be true if BAL fluid asbestos fiber content reflected the total content as well as the size distribution of both uncoated(More)
In the present study, lung samples from 126 autopsied cases were examined to determine the content of mineral fibers using analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM). The cases were divided into four groups (22 lungs of persons exposed to ambient environmental pollution, 32 cases of mesothelioma, 38 cases of primary lung cancer, and 34 asbestosis(More)
After reviewing the hypotheses about the pathogenesis of asbestos-induced malignant tumours we report about experimental data on animals. A high incidence of tumours (most of them mesotheliomas) was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of fibrous dusts (chrysotile, palygorscite, crocidolite, glass fibres, nemalite). Treatment with 8 types of(More)
The alveolar fiber load was evaluated by bronchoalveolar lavage and by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) in 50 subjects with or without occupational exposure to asbestos. The concentration of asbestos fibers in bronchoalveolar lavage was significantly higher in the groups of people currently and formerly occupationally exposed,(More)
The results after intraperitoneal injection of fibrous and granular dusts in rats suggest, that the fibrous shape of asbestos is the cause of its cancerogenicity. Fibrous dusts other than asbestos (for example glass fibers) may induce tumours, when their diameters are like that of asbestos and the fibres are invariable in tissue. It is supposed, that a(More)