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Previously we showed that the low-molecular-weight mucin (MG2, encoded by MUC7), a major component of human submandibular/sublingual saliva, is a bacterial receptor that coats the tooth surface. Here we tested the hypothesis that the structure of its carbohydrate residues contains important information about its function. Purified MG2 (Mr 120 000) was(More)
The high-molecular-mass salivary mucin MG1, one of two major mucins produced by human salivary glands, plays an important role in oral health by coating the tooth surface and by acting as a bacterial receptor. Here this mucin was purified from the submandibular/sublingual saliva of a blood group O individual. The presence of MUC5B as the major mucin in this(More)
Isolation of salivary MUC7 with gel electrophoresis allowed analysis by LC-MS and LC-MS(2) of released O-linked oligosaccharides and a thorough description of the glycosylation of this molecule, where high-molecular-weight oligosaccharides up to the size of 2790 Da and with up to three sialic acid residues were identified. A common theme of these novel high(More)
The colon epithelium is protected from the luminal microbes as recently revealed by an inner firmly attached mucus layer impervious to bacteria and an outer loose mucus layer that is the habitat of bacteria. For an additional understanding of these layers, we analyzed the protein composition of these two mucus layers from the mouse colon. Proteomics using(More)
In discussions on intestinal protection, the protective capacity of mucus has not been very much considered. The progress in the last years in understanding the molecular nature of mucins, the main building blocks of mucus, has, however, changed this. The intestinal enterocytes have their apical surfaces covered by transmembrane mucins and the whole(More)
The mucus filling the human cervical opening blocks the entry to the uterus, but this has to be relative and allow for the sperm to penetrate at ovulation. We studied this mucus, its content of proteins and mucins, and the mucin O-glycosylation in cervical secretions before, during, and after ovulation. Cervical mucosal secretions from 12 subjects were(More)
Mucin-type O-linked oligosaccharides (O-glycans) are primary components of the intestinal mucins that form the mucus gel layer overlying the gut epithelium. Impaired expression of intestinal O-glycans has been observed in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), but its role in the etiology of this disease is unknown. Here, we report that mice with intestinal(More)
The O-linked oligosaccharides from three fractions of highly glycosylated mucin glycopeptides obtained from sputum of a patient with cystic fibrosis were characterized and compared regarding size, composition, sequence and when possible linkage positions. Neutral and sialic acid-containing glycans were permethylated and analyzed by high-temperature GC-MS(More)
The heavily O-glycosylated mucin MUC2 constitutes the major protein in the mucosal layer that acts as a physical barrier protecting the epithelial layer in the colon. In this study, Muc2 was purified from mucosal scrapings from the colon of wild-type (WT) mice, core 3 transferase knockout (C3Gnt(-/-)) mice and intestinal epithelial cell-specific core 1(More)
Goblet cells specialize in producing and secreting mucus with its main component, mucins. An inducible goblet-like cell line was used for the purification of the mucus vesicles stored in these cells by density gradient ultracentrifugation, and their proteome was analyzed by nanoLC-MS and MS/MS. Although the density of these vesicles coincides with others,(More)