Kristin N. Smith

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PURPOSE Mutations in the BRCA1/2 genes are associated with breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility. Recent studies have suggested that the BRCA mutation might be associated with occult primary ovarian insufficiency. To evaluate fertility, several studies have validated anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) as a direct biomarker for ovarian aging and it is(More)
CONTEXT Cancer survival has improved significantly and maintaining fertility is both a major concern and an important factor for the quality of life in cancer patients. AIMS To explore differences in oocyte stimulation for fertility preservation (FP) patients based on cancer diagnosis. SETTINGS AND DEIGN Between 2005 and 2011, 109 patients elected to(More)
UNLABELLED With the availability of preservative- and antioxidant-free 2-chloroprocaine (2-CP), there may be an acceptable short-acting alternative to lidocaine for spinal anesthesia. We examined the safety, dose-response characteristics, and effects of epinephrine with spinal 2-CP. Six volunteers per group were randomized to receive 30, 45, or 60 mg of(More)
In vitro follicle growth is a potential approach to preserve fertility for young women who are facing a risk of premature ovarian failure (POF) caused by radiation or chemotherapy. Our two-step follicle culture strategy recapitulated the dynamic human follicle growth environment in vitro. Follicles developed from the preantral to antral stage, and, for the(More)
Fertility impairment and loss due to cancer or its treatment is a significant survivorship consideration for many pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors. Chemotherapeutics, radiation, and surgery can impact the future fertility of men, women, and children with cancer. The field of oncofertility, founded to ensure the reproductive future of(More)
PURPOSE Survival to reproductive age among men with cancer has steadily increased and yet cancer therapy and cancer itself may carry the risk of infertility. Since 2006, we have used a formalized fertility preservation program with expedited fertility care at our institution. We assessed the impact of this program by comparing the frequency of sperm(More)
Fertility preservation in the cancer setting, known as oncofertility, is a field that requires cross-disciplinary interaction between physicians, basic scientists, clinical researchers, ethicists, lawyers, educators, and religious leaders. Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Oncofertility Consortium (OC) was formed to be a scientifically(More)
Young cancer patients are increasingly interested in preserving their fertility prior to undergoing gonadotoxic therapies. Although the medical safety and treatment protocols for fertility preservation have been well documented, limited research has addressed the emotional issues that arise in fertility preservation patients. We briefly review the(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively assess anxiety, depression, coping, and appraisal in female fertility preservation (FP) patients compared with infertile patients. DESIGN Prospective pre- and post-treatment survey. SETTING Academic medical center. PATIENT(S) Forty-seven women with cancer (FP patients) and 91 age-matched infertile patients. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
BACKGROUND Professional guidelines have been developed to promote discussion between providers and newly diagnosed young adults with cancer about the possibility of cancer treatment-related infertility, but previous research suggests many young adults fail to receive this information. The aim of this study was to examine rates of and factors predictive of(More)