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We examined the role of E-cadherin expressed by thymic epithelial cells and immature thymocytes in thymus organogenesis and thymocyte development. ECCD-1 MAb, which blocks homotypic E-cadherin interactions, inhibited epithelial organization and thymocyte development in reaggregate fetal thymic organ cultures. It also interfered with the differentiation of(More)
Cyclical ovaries of 18 mares were examined histologically and immunohistochemically for vascular endothelial growth factor A and B (VEGF A; VEGF B), angiopoietin1 and 2 (Ang1; Ang2), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 and 2 (VEGF-R1; VEGF-R2), angiopoietin receptor (Tie2) and von Willebrand factor. The most intensive coexpression of the examined(More)
By means of the official meat inspection of domestic pigs, exceptionally high proportions of livers affected by encapsulated nodules containing whitish to light yellow, viscous to pasty material (“microabscesses”) were detected. The swine had been raised on four different farms, being located in distinct regions of Germany (Brandenburg, Thuringia, Upper(More)
Norepinephrine, released from sympathetic neurons, and epinephrine, released from the adrenal medulla, participate in a number of physiological processes including those that facilitate adaptation to stressful conditions. The thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes are richly innervated by the sympathetic nervous system, and catecholamines are thought to modulate(More)
The raccoon, Procyon lotor (Carnivora: Procyonidae), is an invasive species that is spreading throughout Europe, in which Germany represents its core area. Here, raccoons mostly live in rural regions, but some urban populations are already established, such as in the city of Kassel, or are starting to build up, such as in Berlin. The objective of this study(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to understand the mechanisms by which the cells integrate signals from different receptors. Several lines of evidence implicate epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) in the pathophysiology of hepatocarcinomas. Data also suggest a role of prostaglandins in some of these tumours, through their receptors of the G(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Liver regeneration factor 1 (LRF-1/ATF3) is an early response gene which is rapidly induced upon partial hepatectomy in rats, and by growth factors and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists in cultured rat hepatocytes. The aim of the present study was to examine the mechanisms involved in induction of LRF-1/ATF3 by the GPCR agonist(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotensin has been found to promote colon carcinogenesis in rats and mice, and proliferation of human colon carcinoma cell lines, but the mechanisms involved are not clear. We have examined signalling pathways activated by neurotensin in colorectal and pancreatic carcinoma cells. METHODS Colon carcinoma cell lines HCT116 and HT29 and(More)
Splenic haemangiosarcomas (HSAs) from 122 dogs were characterized and classified according to their patterns of growth, survival time post splenectomy, metastases and chemotherapy. The most common pattern of growth was a mixture of cavernous, capillary and solid tumour tissue. Survival time post splenectomy was independent of the growth pattern; however, it(More)
Streptococcus suis is an important meningitis-causing pathogen in pigs and humans. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been identified as host defense mechanism against different pathogens. Here, NETs were detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of S. suis-infected piglets despite the presence of active nucleases. To study NET-formation and(More)