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The effect of attention on the phenomenal appearance of objects was investigated in the domains of color (hue), location, line orientation, and spatial frequency. Observers indicated the appearance of a briefly presented above-threshold stimulus by selecting a matching stimulus along a sensory continuum (e.g., color). Attention was manipulated with a dual(More)
Autonomic responses were measured while 45 adult women performed a standard experimental stress task in the laboratory with only the experimenter present and 2 weeks later at home in the presence of a female friend, pet dog, or neither. Results demonstrated that autonomic reactivity was moderated by the presence of a companion, the nature of whom was(More)
The authors have applied mathematical morphology for fractal analysis on bone X-ray images. The digitized gray level image is treated as a three-dimensional surface whose fractal dimension is calculated by performing a series of dilations on this surface and plotting the area of the resulting set of surfaces against the size of the structuring element. This(More)
The effect of attention on the phenomenal appearance of objects was investigated in the domains of color (hue), location, line orientation, and spatial frequency. Observers indicated the appearance of a briefly presented above-threshold stimulus by selecting a matching stimulus along a sensory continuum (e.g., color). Attention was manipulated with a dual(More)
It is widely believed that cultures vary in their tolerance for crowding. There is, however, little evidence to substantiate this belief, coupled with serious shortcomings in the extant literature. Tolerance for crowding has been confused with cultural differences in personal space preferences along with perceived crowding. Furthermore, the few studies that(More)
UNLABELLED Vowel durations following the production of voiced and voiceless stop consonants produced during simultaneous communication (SC) were investigated by recording sign language users during SC and speech alone (SA). Under natural speaking conditions, or speaking alone (SA), vowels following voiced stop consonants are longer in duration than vowels(More)
Serial attachment level measurements were simulated based on 2 hypothetical models of true change: 1) a burst model, where attachment changes rapidly over the duration of one measurement interval, but is unchanging before and after, and 2) a linear model, where attachment changes at a constant rate over time. Normally distributed measurement error was added(More)
A rise in intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) is required to activate sperm of all organisms studied. Such elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) can occur either by influx of extracellular Ca(2+) or by release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores. We have examined these sources of Ca(2+) in sperm from the sea squirt Ascidia ceratodes using mitochondrial(More)