Kristin L Andrews

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The kinase/endonuclease inositol requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1α), one of the sensors of unfolded protein accumulation in the endoplasmic reticulum that triggers the unfolded protein response (UPR), has been investigated as an anticancer target. We identified potent allosteric inhibitors of IRE1α endonuclease activity that bound to the kinase site on the enzyme.(More)
NaV1.7 is a voltage-gated sodium ion channel implicated by human genetic evidence as a therapeutic target for the treatment of pain. Screening fractionated venom from the tarantula Grammostola porteri led to the identification of a 34-residue peptide, termed GpTx-1, with potent activity on NaV1.7 (IC50 = 10 nM) and promising selectivity against key NaV(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase α (PI3Kα) is a lipid kinase that plays a key regulatory role in several cellular processes. The mutation or amplification of this kinase in humans has been implicated in the growth of multiple tumor types. Consequently, PI3Kα has become a target of intense research for drug discovery. Our studies began with the identification of(More)
We report the discovery of 6,7-dimethoxy-4-(pyridin-3-yl)cinnolines as novel inhibitors of phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A). Systematic examination and analyses of structure-activity-relationships resulted in single digit nM potency against PDE10A. X-ray co-crystal structure revealed the mode of binding in the enzyme's catalytic domain and the source of(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family catalyzes the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of the 3'-hydroxyl group of phosphatidylinositols and plays an important role in cell growth and survival. There is abundant evidence demonstrating that PI3K signaling is dysregulated in many human cancers, suggesting that therapeutics targeting the PI3K pathway may have(More)
To realize the medicinal potential of peptide toxins, naturally occurring disulfide-rich peptides, as ion channel antagonists, more efficient pharmaceutical optimization technologies must be developed. Here, we show that the therapeutic properties of multiple cysteine toxin peptides can be rapidly and substantially improved by combining direct chemical(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is an important target in oncology due to the deregulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in a wide variety of tumors. A series of 4-amino-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine sulfonamides were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of PI3K. The synthesis, in vitro biological activities, pharmacokinetic and in vivo pharmacodynamic(More)
N-(6-(6-Chloro-5-(4-fluorophenylsulfonamido)pyridin-3-yl)benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)acetamide (1) is a potent and efficacious inhibitor of PI3Kα and mTOR in vitro and in vivo. However, in hepatocyte and in vivo metabolism studies, 1 was found to undergo deacetylation on the 2-amino substituent of the benzothiazole. As an approach to reduce or eliminate this(More)
A highly selective series of inhibitors of the class I phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) has been designed and synthesized. Starting from the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor 5, a structure-based approach was used to improve potency and selectivity, resulting in the identification of 54 as a potent inhibitor of the class I PI3Ks with excellent selectivity over(More)