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When performing tasks, humans are thought to adopt task sets that configure moment-to-moment data processing. Recently developed mixed blocked/event-related designs allow task set-related signals to be extracted in fMRI experiments, including activity related to cues that signal the beginning of a task block, "set-maintenance" activity sustained for the(More)
Control regions in the brain are thought to provide signals that configure the brain's moment-to-moment information processing. Previously, we identified regions that carried signals related to task-control initiation, maintenance, and adjustment. Here we characterize the interactions of these regions by applying graph theory to resting state functional(More)
Resting state functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) has become a particularly useful tool for studying regional relationships in typical and atypical populations. Because many investigators have already obtained large data sets of task-related fMRI, the ability to use this existing task data for resting state fcMRI is of considerable interest. Two classes of(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the basal ganglia output from globus pallidus pars interna (GPi) contributes to inhibition of competing motor patterns to prevent them from interfering with a volitional movement. To test this hypothesis, the kinematics of a natural reach, grasp, and retrieval task were measured in the monkey before(More)
The ability to make direct comparisons between adult and child neuroimaging data is important to the study of the neural basis of cognitive development. Recent fMRI studies in adults have used mixed blocked/event-related designs to extract activity consistent with separable sustained, task-related processes and transient, trial-related processes. Because(More)
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a pediatric movement disorder that may affect control signaling in the brain. Previous work has proposed a dual-networks architecture of control processing involving a task-maintenance network and an adaptive control network (Dosenbach et al., 2008). A prior resting-state functional connectivity MRI (rs-fcMRI) analysis in TS has(More)
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