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Lewis lung carcinoma cells express a plasma membrane receptor (i.e., IRGpIIb/IIIa) which is immunologically and functionally related to the platelet aggregation receptor complex (i.e., GpIIb/IIIa). Both fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometric analysis reveal that surface expression and/or activation of this tumor cell receptor is enhanced by a phorbol(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are constantly generated in aerobic organisms during normal metabolism and in response to both internal and external stimuli. Imbalances in the production and removal of ROS have been hypothesized to play a causative role in numerous disease pathologies such as cancer, ischemia/reperfusion injury, and degenerative diseases such(More)
Our laboratories have previously demonstrated that the malignancy of human and animal tumors is associated with increases in cathepsin B activity, due in part to increases in cathepsin B-specific RNA transcripts and in part to decreased regulation by the endogenous low molecular weight cysteine proteinase inhibitors (CPIs). In this study we have extended(More)
The regulation of metabolism and growth must be tightly coupled to guarantee the efficient use of energy and anabolic substrates throughout the cell cycle. Fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-BP) is an allosteric activator of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK-1), a rate-limiting enzyme and essential control point in glycolysis. The concentration of Fru-2,6-BP in(More)
Reactive oxygen species have been shown to play an important role in the regulation of distinct signaling cascades, many of which act upon the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). Using a series of redox-engineered cell lines we have previously demonstrated that MMP-1 expression is sensitive to the alterations in the steady state production of(More)
Subpopulations of B16 amelanotic melanoma (B16a) cells, isolated by centrifugal elutriation from enzymatically dispersed solid tumors, demonstrated different abilities to form lung colonies when injected intravenously. In contrast, no differences in experimental metastasis were observed among subpopulations obtained from Lewis lung (3LL) tumors. Lung(More)
The DNA region encoding early nodulation functions of Bradyrhizobium japonicum 3I1b110 (I110) was isolated by its homology to the functionally similar region from Rhizobium meliloti. Isolation of a number of overlapping recombinant clones from this region allowed the construction of a restriction map of the region. The identified nodulation region of B.(More)
Glycolysis is increased in breast adenocarcinoma cells relative to adjacent normal cells in order to produce the ATP and anabolic precursors required for survival, growth and invasion. Glycolysis also serves as a key source of the reduced form of cytoplasmic nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) necessary for the shuttling of electrons into mitochondria(More)
Manganese-superoxide dismutase (Sod2) removes mitochondrially derived superoxide (O(2)) at near-diffusion limiting rates and is the only antioxidant enzyme whose expression is regulated by numerous stimuli. Here it is shown that Sod2 also serves as a source of the intracellular signaling molecule H(2)O(2). Sod2-dependent increases in the steady-state levels(More)