Kristin E R Smith

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Cognitive reserve (CR) theory proposes that certain genetic and nonacquired variables, such as larger head size and greater neuronal density, and some life experiences, such as higher educational and occupational attainment, provide a buffer against brain dysfunction in the face of acquired central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. This study examined CR in(More)
Noradrenergic (NA) involvement in acquisition (AQ) and retention (RET) of a shock-motivated 14-unit T-maze after intraperitoneal (ip) administration of DSP4, a neurotoxin that depletes forebrain NA, was evaluated in 2 experiments using 3-month-old male F-344 rats. Depletion of cortical NA level in DSP4-treated rats was verified by neurochemical assay and by(More)
Current literature suggests that serotonin (5-HT) release within the ventral horn of the spinal cord plays a role in motor function. We hypothesized that endogenous 5-HT release is involved in the recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury. To appreciate the functional parameters of regenerating serotonergic fibers, a microdialysis probe was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether variations within normal ranges of thyroid functioning are related to cognitive and neuropsychiatric functioning in Alzheimer disease (AD). BACKGROUND Mild alterations of thyroid hormone levels, even in the normal range, are associated with changes in mood and cognitive functioning in older, nondemented adults, and lower(More)
Literature highlights that serotonergic descending pathways are implicated in somatosensory functions in the spinal cord and that serotonin (5-HT) in the dorsal horn might play a role in motor function through proprioceptive feedback. We hypothesized that 5-HT release in dorsal horn might represent an important factor in the completion of locomotion by(More)
It has been reported that the caudal ventrolateral medulla (VLM) is important in central chemoreception and the control of breathing. The objective of this study was to determine in adult goats the effects on breathing of neuronal dysfunction of this caudal VLM region (area L; caudal to rostral hypoglossal nerve rootlet). Thermodes were chronically(More)
Dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) modulate responses to nociceptive stimuli, within the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Both neurotransmitters may play a role in supraspinal regulation in response to proprioceptive afferences to the dorsal horn. However, direct evidence of changes in neurotransmitter release within the dorsal horn due to non-noxious(More)
Older cancer survivors may be predisposed to falls because cancer-related sequelae affect virtually all body systems. The use of a history of falls, gait speed, and balance tests to assess fall risks remains to be investigated in this population. This study examined the relationship of previous falls, gait, and balance with falls in community-dwelling older(More)
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