Kristin Conklin

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We recently reported the identification of sequences in the chicken genome that show over 95% identity to the novel envelope gene of the subgroup J avian leukosis virus (S. J. Benson, B. L. Ruis, A. M. Fadly, and K. F. Conklin, J. Virol. 72:10157-10164, 1998). Based on the fact that the endogenous subgroup J-related env genes were associated with long(More)
The La Follette School takes no stand on policy issues; opinions expressed in this paper reflect the views of individual researchers and authors. Abstract: Productivity in academic degrees granted by American colleges and universities is declining. While there is some evidence this is caused by an uncontrollable ―cost disease,‖ we examine two additional(More)
A new subgroup of avian leukosis virus (ALV), designated subgroup J, was identified recently. Viruses of this subgroup do not cross-interfere with viruses of the avian A, B, C, D, and E subgroups, are not neutralized by antisera raised against the other virus subgroups, and have a broader host range than the A to E subgroups. Sequence comparisons reveal(More)
A new subgroup of avian leukosis virus (ALV) that includes a unique env gene, designated J, was identified recently in England. Sequence analysis of prototype English isolate HPRS-103 revealed several other unique genetic characteristics of this strain and provided information that it arose by recombination between exogenous and endogenous virus sequences.(More)
An enhancer element is located in the U3 portion of exogenous avian retrovirus long terminal repeats (LTRs). A similar element has not been detected in the LTRs of ev-1 and ev-2, two avian endogenous viruses (evs) that normally are not expressed in vivo. Experiments were initiated to determine whether minor nucleotide differences in the U3 region of a(More)
We define a protein complex present in avian nuclear extracts that interacts with the Schmidt-Ruppin strain of the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) long terminal repeat (LTR) between positions -197 and -168 relative to the transcriptional start site. We call this complex EFIV and demonstrate that the EFIV protein(s) is present in several avian cell types examined,(More)
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