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The cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) type II is directed to different subcellular loci through interaction of the RII subunits with A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs). A full-length human clone encoding AKAP95 was identified and sequenced, and revealed a 692-amino acid open reading frame that was 89% homologous to the rat AKAP95 (V. M. Coghlan, L.(More)
Enhanced sympathetic signaling, often associated with obesity and chronic stress, is increasingly acknowledged as a contributor to cancer aggressiveness. In prostate cancer, intact sympathetic nerves are critical for tumor formation, and sympathectomy induces apoptosis and blocks tumor growth. Perineural invasion, involving enrichment of intra-prostatic(More)
BACKGROUND The pre-leukemia transcription factor 3 (PBX) is part of the PBX family of transcription factors, which is known to regulate genes involved in differentiation of urogenital organs and steroidogenesis. This is of interest with regard to prostate cancer progression as regulation of steroidogenesis is one of the mechanisms involved in the(More)
Selective activation of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase type I (cAKI), but not type II, is sufficient to mediate inhibition of T cell replication induced through the antigen-specific T cell receptor-CD3 (TCR-CD3) complex. Immunocytochemistry and immunoprecipitation studies of the molecular mechanism by which cAKI(More)
TWIST1 plays a key role in EMT-mediated tumor invasion and metastasis. Since bone metastasis is a hallmark of advanced prostate cancer and is detected in at least 85% of patients who die of this disease, it is of great importance to understand the regulation of the cellular signaling pathways involved in the metastatic process. Prostatic cell lines were(More)
Activation of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases (protein kinase A, PKA) by gonadotropins and cyclic AMP (cAMP) plays an important role in the regulation of testicular functions. A regulatory subunit, RIIbeta, of PKA is transcriptionally induced in rat Sertoli cells in response to treatment with cAMP. The present study addresses regulatory mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) plays a central role in regulation of energy metabolism. Upon stimulation of testicular Sertoli cells by follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), glycolysis is activated to increase the production of nutrients for the germ cells, and a new regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, RIIbeta, is(More)
Nutritionally relevant levels of genistein, the predominant isoflavone in soyabean associated with lower risk of prostate cancer (PCa), may modulate the expression of prostate tissue biomarkers associated with cancer prediction and progression. A phase 2 placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind clinical trial was conducted in forty-seven Norwegian(More)
LH and FSH regulate via cyclic adenosine 3'5' cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), steroid biosynthesis is Leydig and Sertoli cells, respectively. Cyclic AMP also regulates a number of different cellular processes such as cell growth and differentiation, ion channel conductivity, synaptic release of neurotransmitters, and(More)
To identify intracellular signalling pathways that transduce muscle electrical activity, we have investigated the Protein Kinase A (PKA) pathway in fast and slow skeletal muscle. The slow soleus muscle (SOL) displayed approximately twice as much PKA catalytic activity and cAMP-binding compared to the fast Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL) muscle. These(More)