Kristiina Parviainen

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The aim of the present study was to analyze the change from 1973 to 1982 in the oral health conditions of 13-, 14-, and 15-year-old school-children residing in three different fluoride areas in Finland. Oral hygiene, as measured with the Visible Plaque Index (Ainamo and Bay, 1975), had improved significantly both among 13-year-old girls (P less than 0.01)(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the difference in the results obtained when using the two methods of recording the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (Ainamo et al., 1982) in teenaged children. A group of 240 13-15-year-old schoolchildren were clinically examined for pocketing, the presence of calculus and overhanging fillings, and gingival(More)
OBJECTIVE Women with chronic hypertension (CHTN) are at an increased risk for pregnancy complications including preeclampsia. The objective of this study was to review pregnancy outcomes for women with expectant management of preeclampsia superimposed on CHTN prior to 37 weeks'. METHODS We reviewed the inpatient charts of all women admitted to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether clean catch urine specimens correlate with catheterized specimens for determination of protein/creatinine ratios in pregnant women being evaluated for preeclampsia. METHODS Sixty pregnant women who were at least at 20 weeks of gestation were enrolled. Patients with ruptured membranes, vaginal bleeding, or urinary tract(More)
The study was performed on a material of 365 Finnish schoolchildren aged 13--15 years. One-third of the children were from Jyväskylä, with 0.2 parts/10(6) fluoride in the drinking water, one-third from Kuopio, with an artificially corrected 1.0 parts/10(6) fluoride content since 1959, and one-third from Hamina, where the natural fluoride content of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether episiotomy at first vaginal delivery increases the risk of spontaneous obstetric laceration in the subsequent delivery. METHODS A review was conducted of women with consecutive vaginal deliveries at Magee-Womens Hospital between 1995 and 2005, using the Magee Obstetrical Maternal and Infant database. The primary exposure of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of social factors with glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS A survey instrument assessing social support, access to healthy food, cooking and meal preparation, chaotic lifestyle, employer support, and physical and emotional responses to food was developed and administered to(More)
To ensure optimal patient care, physicians must establish effective patient-physician relationships and thoughtfully incorporate their patients’ perspectives into their counseling. Historically, these skills are acquired with increasing clinical experience. However, given increasing work-hour restrictions, OB/GYN residents have fewer opportunities to(More)
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