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OBJECTIVE Allopregnanolone is an endogenous neuroactive steroid that, through its binding to the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, has GABA-active properties. Animal studies indicate that allopregnanolone administration results in diminished learning and memory impairment. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of intravenously(More)
The chimeric peptide M35 [galanin(1-13)-bradykinin(2-9) amide] is a high-affinity galanin receptor ligand acting as a galanin receptor antagonist in the rat spinal cord, rat hippocampus and isolated mouse pancreatic islets. We have radiolabelled M35 and performed equilibrium binding studies with [125I]M35 on the rat pancreatic beta-cell line Rin m 5F,(More)
BACKGROUND Allopregnanolone is an endogenous neuroactive steroid which, through the binding to the GABA(A) receptor, enhances inhibitory neurotransmission and exerts anxiolytic, sedative and antiepileptic effects. Following acute administration, allopregnanolone reliably acts as an anxiolytic compound. The primary aim of this study was to investigate if(More)
The acoustic startle response (ASR) is a withdrawal reflex to sudden or noxious auditory stimuli and, most importantly, an unbiased measure of emotional processing of appetitive and aversive stimuli. By exposing subjects to fearful situations, such as aversive pictures, the ASR may be enhanced, suggesting that amygdala modulates the startle circuit during(More)
Galanin, a neuroendocrine peptide with a multitude of functions, binds to and acts on specific G-protein coupled receptors. Only one galanin receptor subtype, GalRI, has been cloned so far, although pharmacological evidence suggests the presence of more than one galanin receptor subtype. These receptors mediate via different Gi/Go-proteins the inhibition of(More)
The neuropeptide galanin coexists with acetylcholine (ACh) in the basal forebrain cholinergic neurons and modulates cholinergic activity in the forebrain. The cholinergic forebrain neurons appear to play a significant role in learning and memory, as suggested by a severe loss of these neurons in Alzheimer's disease. The involvement of endogenous galanin in(More)
BACKGROUND Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) has generally not been associated with impulsive behavior. However, some studies suggest that women with PMDD have higher impulsivity scores than healthy controls and that brain activity during response inhibition may vary across the menstrual cycle. Therefore, our aim was to unravel potentially important(More)
Patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) experience their most intense symptoms during the late luteal phase. The aim of the current study was to compare acoustic startle response and prepulse inhibition in PMDD patients and controls during the follicular and late luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. Following two months of prospective daily(More)
Menopause denotes the end of the reproductive period in a woman's life and is characterized by gradually declining plasma levels of ovarian hormones. Mounting evidence suggests that prepulse inhibition (PPI) is sensitive to fluctuations in estradiol and progesterone. Deficits in PPI are associated with conditions characterized by increased levels of ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND Negative mood symptoms remain one of the major reasons for discontinuation of oral contraceptive pills. The aim of this study was to compare acoustic startle response and prepulse inhibition (PPI) in women with different experience of oral contraceptive pills. METHODS Thirty women currently on combined oral contraceptives (COCs) with no reports(More)