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TMPRSS2-ERG and other gene fusions involving ETS factors and genes with strong promoter elements are common in prostate cancer. Although ERG activation has been linked to invasive properties of prostate cancers, the precise mechanisms and pathways of ERG-mediated oncogenesis remain poorly understood. Here, we show that ERG knockdown in VCaP prostate cancer(More)
Translocations fusing the strong androgen-responsive gene, TMPRSS2, with ERG or other oncogenic ETS factors may facilitate prostate cancer development. Here, we studied 18 advanced prostate cancers for ETS factor alterations, using reverse transcription-PCR and DNA and RNA array technologies, and identified putative ERG downstream gene targets from the(More)
Our knowledge on tissue- and disease-specific functions of human genes is rather limited and highly context-specific. Here, we have developed a method for the comparison of mRNA expression levels of most human genes across 9,783 Affymetrix gene expression array experiments representing 43 normal human tissue types, 68 cancer types, and 64 other diseases.(More)
PURPOSE Only few predictive factors for the clinical activity of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy are available. Mammary-derived growth inhibitor (MDGI) is a small cytosolic protein suggested to play a role in the differentiation of epithelial cells. Here, we have investigated the effect of MDGI expression on the EGFR signaling and(More)
BACKGROUND Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) represents a therapeutic challenge for current medications. METHODS In order to explore the molecular mechanisms involved in CRPC progression and to identify new therapeutic targets, we analyzed a unique sample set of 11 CRPCs and 7 advanced tumors by array-CGH and gene expression microarrays. The(More)
Activation of lipid metabolism is an early event in carcinogenesis and a central hallmark of many cancers. However, the precise molecular composition of lipids in tumors remains generally poorly characterized. The aim of the present study was to analyze the global lipid profiles of breast cancer, integrate the results to protein expression, and validate the(More)
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, and the development of new technologies for better understanding of the molecular changes involved in breast cancer progression is essential. Metabolic changes precede overt phenotypic changes, because cellular regulation ultimately affects the use of small-molecule substrates for cell division,(More)
Large scale purification of endothelial cells is of great interest as it could improve tissue transplantation, reperfusion of ischemic tissues and treatment of pathologies in which an endothelial cell dysfunction exists. In this study, we describe a novel genetic approach that selects for endothelial cells from differentiating embryonic stem (ES) cells. Our(More)
Members of the ErbB subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases are important regulators of normal mammary gland physiology, and aberrations in their signaling have been associated with breast tumorigenesis. Therapeutics targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR = ErbB1) or ErbB2 in breast cancer have been approved for clinical use. In contrast,(More)
Vimentin is an intermediate filament protein, with a key role in the epithelial to mesenchymal transition as well as cell invasion, and it is often upregulated during cancer progression. However, relatively little is known about its regulation in cancer cells. Here, we performed an RNA interference screen followed by protein lysate microarray analysis in(More)